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Conservation of energy (Ramp question) - Thanks

  1. Nov 18, 2011 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    Here is the question I am having issues with.... Below are my questions regarding it.

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    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution

    Now when looking at this, first I would assume I use conservation of momentum.

    (K + Ug + Us)i = (K + Ug + Us)f + Ff d

    Now for the first part (left side of the equation) my text says the following.

    0 + 0 + 1/2Kx^2

    I dont get that. So when its at the start, There is no Kinetic energy and no potential evergy, and for the spring energy its just 1/2Kx^2 ?

    I dont understand how to figure out the right side of that equation, and mainly finding the height, as outlined in the question.

    THanks!!
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 18, 2011 #2

    cepheid

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    This is correct, once you include my correction above (which I'm sure was just a typo anyway).

    Yes. There is no kinetic energy because the mass is being held *at rest* against the spring. There is no gravitational potential energy, because the mass is at h = 0. The only energy in the system initially is the elastic potential energy stored in the spring, which is indeed given by (1/2)kx2, where x is the displacement of the spring from its equilibrium (unstretched/uncompressed) position. That's really all there is to it. So, if you're still confused, you'll have to elaborate about what specifically is confusing you.

    The mass will be released from the spring at the moment that the spring is entirely uncompressed (i.e. x = 0), which means that all of the elastic potential energy is gone. But energy is conserved, which means that all of the elastic potential energy stored must have been converted into kinetic energy of the mass during the release. So, due to conservation of energy, you know how much KE the mass has upon release. Furthermore, the flat portion has no friction, which means that the mass still has this amount of kinetic energy when it reaches the base of the ramp. Therefore, you can use conservation of energy a second time (taking into account work done by friction as well) to determine what height the mass will reach.
     
  4. Nov 18, 2011 #3

    cepheid

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    I just realized it's not necessary to do it as a two step process though. You could apply conservation of energy only once, just as you were planning to, and you could use the fact that the kinetic energy is also zero at the end (i.e. on the right hand side of the equation). So you have (1/2)kx^2 = mgh +W_friction

    Why is the kinetic energy 0 on the right-hand side as well? It's because the mass has reached its *maximum* height up the ramp, therefore it must be stopped. If it were still moving, then it would go up farther.

    So you had the basic idea all along.
     
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