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Determine the gas if the pressure of its saturated steam is known

  1. Jul 7, 2012 #1
    One hundred thousands denarii (or 423 kg of gold) cost a vase from mineral A in Ancient Rome. A Painter in 17th century occasionally got from it gas B and Physicist in 19th told an assumption of its composition.
    There are experimental data of pressure of its saturated steam and density over a liquid at different temperatures:

    T, oC 0 20 40 60 80 100
    p, mm m.c. 363,8 773,2 1516 2778 4801 7891
    ρ, g/l 2,015 3,170 4,976 7,645 11,44 16,64

    and also data of relative density at different temperature in gaseous phase for this matter:

    T, oC 26,4 29,2 33,1 39,2 47,3 88,1
    p, mm m.c. 745 750 750 743 745 741
    D, air 1,773 1,578 1,321 1,002 0,823 0,713

    1) Determine gas A and mineral B
    2) Determine compound and structure of this matter in gaseous phase
    3) Describe physical properties and give the examples of chemical properties of this compound (reactions with different classes: simple matters, oxides, salts, hydroxides, acids)
    4) What was the names of Painter and Physicist?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jul 7, 2012 #2
    Points 2), 3) and 4) of this task I can solve if I know what the matters A and B. So it is necessary to solve point 1).
    I tried to use Mendeleev-Klapeiron equation, through density it becomes following:

    M = ρRT/p

    But for each occasion I've got... different molar masses! Explain please if it's possible?
    I've got the next data:
    M, g/mole 94,3 74,9 64,1 57,1 52,5 49,0
    It means that during of temperature raising molar mass is decreasing. But it's impossible!
    May be, I need to use another equations?
     
  4. Jul 8, 2012 #3
    Dear sirs,
    I've detected an error in my post. I am sorry.

    I mixed up mineral and gas.

    1) Determine mineral A and gas B

    I also want to say that gas and matter have the same meaning - it is B. I think that problem says that B has different structures in liquid and gaseous phase. All the data relate to B.

    I have only one question: how is it possible to determine gas B using pressures of its saturated vapour and relative densities?
     
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