# Determine the gas if the pressure of its saturated steam is known

1. Jul 7, 2012

### beruniy

One hundred thousands denarii (or 423 kg of gold) cost a vase from mineral A in Ancient Rome. A Painter in 17th century occasionally got from it gas B and Physicist in 19th told an assumption of its composition.
There are experimental data of pressure of its saturated steam and density over a liquid at different temperatures:

T, oC 0 20 40 60 80 100
p, mm m.c. 363,8 773,2 1516 2778 4801 7891
ρ, g/l 2,015 3,170 4,976 7,645 11,44 16,64

and also data of relative density at different temperature in gaseous phase for this matter:

T, oC 26,4 29,2 33,1 39,2 47,3 88,1
p, mm m.c. 745 750 750 743 745 741
D, air 1,773 1,578 1,321 1,002 0,823 0,713

1) Determine gas A and mineral B
2) Determine compound and structure of this matter in gaseous phase
3) Describe physical properties and give the examples of chemical properties of this compound (reactions with different classes: simple matters, oxides, salts, hydroxides, acids)
4) What was the names of Painter and Physicist?

2. Jul 7, 2012

### beruniy

Points 2), 3) and 4) of this task I can solve if I know what the matters A and B. So it is necessary to solve point 1).
I tried to use Mendeleev-Klapeiron equation, through density it becomes following:

M = ρRT/p

But for each occasion I've got... different molar masses! Explain please if it's possible?
I've got the next data:
M, g/mole 94,3 74,9 64,1 57,1 52,5 49,0
It means that during of temperature raising molar mass is decreasing. But it's impossible!
May be, I need to use another equations?

3. Jul 8, 2012

### beruniy

Dear sirs,
I've detected an error in my post. I am sorry.

I mixed up mineral and gas.

1) Determine mineral A and gas B

I also want to say that gas and matter have the same meaning - it is B. I think that problem says that B has different structures in liquid and gaseous phase. All the data relate to B.

I have only one question: how is it possible to determine gas B using pressures of its saturated vapour and relative densities?