1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data Given 250ml of 0.1M HC3H5O2 (Ka=1.35E-5) What volume of a)1.0M HCl is needed to lower the pH to 1.00. b) 1.00M NaC3H5O2 raise pH to 4.00 2. Relevant equations pH=pKa-log (HA/A) ICE chart 3. The attempt at a solution I used the ice chart for the dissociation of propionic acid. I determined the concentration of H+ and A- to be 1.16E-3. the pH was 2.93. I do not know how to factor in the HCl to determine the volume needed to lower the pH.