Driven resonance v. natural resonance

  • Thread starter BunmiFariyike
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  • #1
BunmiFariyike
I am in a physics lab course and we set up the following circuit.


Given that we had a 150 milliHenry capacitor and a .5 microfarad capacitor, we calculated the expected resonance frequency using the formula for the natural frequency of an LC circuit: omega = 1/ sqrt(LC). We then measured the driven resonance frequency through an oscilloscope. Obviously, the two values should differ slightly because the natural resonance isn't the same as the driven one due to damping from the resistor and the internal resistance of the circuit. However, this should make the driven resonance smaller than the natural one, not larger, right? For all of the measured values, our resonance frequency was larger than what was given by the formula and I need to explain why in my report, but I have researched for hours and genuinely don't know. Can anyone help? Thanks.
 

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  • #2
167
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The 150 mH was for an inductor, correct?
 
  • #3
167
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Were the L and C in series or in parallel? Also, what frequency did you expect to see and what did you measure?
 
  • #4
BunmiFariyike
Were the L and C in series or in parallel? Also, what frequency did you expect to see and what did you measure?
My apologies. I thought the picture of the circuit would display. L and C were in series. We tested 3 different resonance values: 10, 50, and 500 ohms and I obtained values for angular frequency of 3727, 4242, and 3759, respectively. The expected value was 3651.48. Thank you.
 
  • #5
167
45
I didn't see any picture with what you submitted. Normally I would calculate the frequenct - f - rather than omega. This will give you 581.2 hertz.

By calculating the frequency, the result is a smaller result so the 3 test values will appear closer. Percentagewise, they will be the same.
 
  • #6
167
45
One additional item to consider is the lead connections in your test circuit. They add some inductance - like about 0.4 mH /ft of lead length. With 5 ft of lead, you'd have 2 mH of inductance added to what you already had. This factor is often used by lightning or surge protection engineers.

2 mH isn't much, but it will change your calculated angular frequency to 3627.4.
 
  • #7
CWatters
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Did you measure the inductance and capacitance or rely on the nominal value? They can have significant manufacturing tolerances.
 
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