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Earthquake analysis (motion along a straight line)

  1. Sep 10, 2007 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    Earthquakes produce several types of shock waves. The most well known are the P-waves (primary or pressure) and the S-waves (secondary or shear). In the earth's crust, the P-waves travel at around 6.5km/s, while the S-waves move at about 3.5km/s. The actual speeds vary depending on the type of material they are going through. The time delay between the arrival of these two waves at a seismic recording station tells geologists how far away the earthquake occurred. If the time delay is 33s, how far from the seismic station did the earthquake occur?

    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution
    I figured that the time delay will mean after the first P-wave is recorded it takes 33 seconds for the S-wave to get there, meaning the P-wave will get there in some time and then the S-wave will get there in some time + 33 seconds.

    So I set up:
    3.5(33+t) = 6.5t
    t=38.5 seconds which is how long the P-wave traveled;
    Which means the displacement from where the earthquake started is 38.5(6.5) = 250km. I'm not sure if this is right or the right way to do it if someone could just check over it that would be great, thanks.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 10, 2007 #2
    Hey, I just went through your calculations, and it looks good to me. A quick way to check if you had the right answer is like this:

    [tex]\Delta t = t_{s} - t_{p} = \frac{250.25 km}{3.5 km s^{-1}} - \frac{250.25 km}{6.5 kms^{-1}} = 33s [/tex]

    Which obviously shows you're right. Well done! :smile:
     
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