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Electrons in s-robital shielding outer electrons

  1. Aug 2, 2014 #1


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    Why do electrons present in spherical shaped s-orbital shield the outer electrons from the nucleus more effectively as compared to electrons present in p and subsequent orbitals?
    Please explain in a layman language I'm just in class 11th. :/
  2. jcsd
  3. Aug 2, 2014 #2


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    Consider what the S and P orbital look like:


    Electrons in the S orbital hang out around the center of the atom, hence providing a pretty good shield. You can see the electrons in the P orbitals are kinda hanging out on the side of the atom often straight out in the x, y or z direction.
  4. Aug 2, 2014 #3


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    But why and how would being around the nucleus affect shielding effect?
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