Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Electrons in s-robital shielding outer electrons

  1. Aug 2, 2014 #1

    kay

    User Avatar

    Why do electrons present in spherical shaped s-orbital shield the outer electrons from the nucleus more effectively as compared to electrons present in p and subsequent orbitals?
    Please explain in a layman language I'm just in class 11th. :/
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Aug 2, 2014 #2

    edguy99

    User Avatar
    Gold Member

    Consider what the S and P orbital look like:

    sp_orbitals.jpg

    Electrons in the S orbital hang out around the center of the atom, hence providing a pretty good shield. You can see the electrons in the P orbitals are kinda hanging out on the side of the atom often straight out in the x, y or z direction.
     
  4. Aug 2, 2014 #3

    kay

    User Avatar

    But why and how would being around the nucleus affect shielding effect?
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook