Williams, Joseph M. (1986). Origins of the English Language: A Social and Linguistic History gives the vocabulary of English as:What I'm saying is that I believe the list is longer in English than in many or most other languages
26% "native" Germanic
29% Old French
All other languages across the world contribute about 6%. So English also mostly borrowed from nearby languages, namely Latin, Old French and Greek.
That's not really different from English per the above. Borrowings are mostly from nearby languages, with a smaller amount from other languages further afield. If you list out all sources the contributions are just as wide as English, but the ratios are different with the highest ratios from close languages. Just as in the case of English.Your example of Ukrainian lists words from peoples from more-or-less nearby areas, such as the Mongols who swept through the plains of Ukraine and beyond.