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Finding ΔHvap of water from graph of ln (p of H2O in atm) versus 1/T

  1. Dec 12, 2011 #1
    1. From a lab experiment, I measured the volume of trapped air at various temperatures. I know I did calculations correctly up to the point that I drew the linear relationship between ln (p of H2O in atm) to 1/T (in Kelvin). My textbook says the slope of this graph is supposed to equal -ΔHvap/R, but the first thing that's confusing me is that I don't know what the units are and the second thing that's confusing me is just that the numbers don't work out. The slope of the line in this graph is -5158.73, but I don't understand how units fit into this. As I've said, the y-axis is ln (p of H2O in atm) and the x-axis is 1/T (in Kelvin).



    2. I don't...know what to put in this section.



    3. If the slope is equal to -ΔHvap/R, then...
    -5158.73 = -ΔHvap/R
    ΔHvap = 5158.73 * 0.08206 (Again, I have no idea where my units are!!)
    ΔHvap = 423.3 *something*


    I appreciate any help; thank you!
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 13, 2011 #2
    You're on the right track, you just need to get your units right. Your slope (-ΔH/R) has to be in K because your x-coordinates are in 1/K; their product needs to be dimensionless to agree with ln(P).

    With consistent units:

    lnP = -(H/R)*T
    [unitless]= -([J/mol] / [J/mol K]) * (1/K)

    So if you use R=8.314 J / mol K,
    you should get -ΔHvap = 8.314 * -5158.73 J/mol
     
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