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Finding the deBroglie wavelength: conceptual issue

  1. Apr 21, 2016 #1
    Hello all! I am new to this forum, though I have been lurking for a long time. I intend to fill out my profile and introduce myself, but finals leave me with little time to spare at the moment. I have this final next week and would like to sort this out beforehand, hence the hasty post!
    Thank you in advance.

    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    An electron has kinetic energy 3.50eV. Find it's wavelength.

    2. Relevant equations
    (1) p=mv
    (2) K=½mv2
    (3) p=E/c=h/λ

    (4) Er=mc2
    (5) Etotal=K+Er

    3. The attempt at a solution
    Note: my prof said not to use relativistic equations, as the energy is not high enough, but we have covered relativity in this class.
    I now know how to solve this problem:
    I solved for the speed of the electron with the kinetic energy formula, and put it into the following:
    λ=h/(mv)
    I got 0.656nm, which is correct.

    My problem is that I did not initially solve the problem this way. What I did first was calculate the rest energy of the electron (Er=mc2) and add it to the kinetic energy to get the "total" energy. This was based off an equation which I was given by my prof: Etotal=K+Er. I then took that "total" energy and solved for the wavelength by deriving the equation: λ=hc/E from equation (3) above. I got the wrong answer, 0.00242nm, with this method.
    What I don't understand is why my original method does not work. I'm assuming my fundamental understanding of these equations is wrong. Is the total energy of the electron not the rest energy plus the kinetic energy? Is there something I'm missing? My professor was not helpful this time around, so I'm turning to you guys!
    Thank you for your time.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 21, 2016 #2

    TSny

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    Welcome to PF!

    In getting the equation λ=hc/E, it looks like you assumed that the momentum is related to energy by p = E/c. This is not correct for electrons. (But it is correct for photons.)
     
  4. Apr 22, 2016 #3

    rude man

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    [QUOTE="bachfromthedead, post: 5450436, member: 591656".[/QUOTE]
    E = pc is true only if E is kinetic energy only. Rest energy must be zero, as in a photon.
    For a particle of rest mass m, E = γmc2 - mc2 = kineic energy = total energy - rest energy.
     
  5. Apr 22, 2016 #4
    Thank you very much to both of you! It makes sense now, I think that the way these equations were presented in my class was the root of my confusion. I should have realized that E=pc would only apply to photons as it includes c.
     
  6. Apr 22, 2016 #5

    TSny

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    For particles that have mass ##m##, ##E = \sqrt{(pc)^2 + (mc^2)^2}##. This still contains ##c##.

    For massless particles like the photon, this reduces to ##E = pc##.
     
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