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Fluid Mechanics - Bouyancy Question

  • Thread starter wesDOT
  • Start date
  • #1
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Homework Statement



A block of wood floats on water. The density of the
wood is .634g/cm^3. Its mass is 243 g. Find the minimum mass (g) of lead we
must attach to the block so that it will sink, along with the lead. The density of lead is
11.3 g/cm^3. Caution: you must take into account the buoyant force on the lead, as well
as on the wood.

Homework Equations



B=pgV=Mg(weight of fluid displaced)


The Attempt at a Solution



I know that I must apply bouyancy principles to Newton's Second Law but I am not sure exactly how to set up my equations. How should I attack this problem?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
diazona
Homework Helper
2,175
6
You might consider drawing a free-body diagram first, to show the forces acting on the wood and lead. Or at least making a list of the forces involved. (You can consider the wood and lead combined to be a single free body - don't worry about the force of the lead pushing on the wood or vice-versa) The buoyant force ([tex]B = \rho g V[/tex]) will be one force, but what else is there?

Once you've done that, you can add up all the forces to get the total force. Remember that in order for the wood and lead to sink, the total force should be downward rather than upward.
 

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