Ground or excited states.Please check.

In summary, a ground state is the lowest energy state of an atom or molecule, while an excited state is a higher energy state that can be reached by absorbing energy. Electron configurations play a crucial role in determining ground and excited states. An atom or molecule can have multiple excited states, depending on its atomic structure. Scientists study ground and excited states using spectroscopy techniques. Ground and excited states are important in chemistry because they are involved in chemical reactions and understanding them is essential for predicting and explaining chemical behavior.
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Homework Statement



State wether atom is in ground or excited state.

Homework Equations



A.1s22s22p3
B.1s22s22p63s23p64s23d104p55s24d7
C.1s22s22p63s23p64s23d6

The Attempt at a Solution




A. Ground because all are filled in order.
B.Excited because the 5s sub-shell isn't quite full.
C.Ground as all are filled in order.



Can someone check that i have this correct and if not please explain to me what I've done wrong. Thanks!
 
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  • #2
5s is full. But you are probably on the right track.
 
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1. What is the difference between a ground state and an excited state?

A ground state is the lowest energy state that an atom or molecule can have, while an excited state is a higher energy state. An atom or molecule can transition from a ground state to an excited state by absorbing energy, and it can return to its ground state by releasing that energy.

2. How are ground and excited states related to electron configurations?

Ground and excited states are related to electron configurations because the number and arrangement of electrons in an atom or molecule determine its energy level. In a ground state, electrons occupy the lowest energy levels available, while in an excited state, at least one electron occupies a higher energy level than normal.

3. Can an atom or molecule have multiple excited states?

Yes, an atom or molecule can have multiple excited states. The number of excited states depends on the energy levels available to the electrons, which in turn depends on the atom or molecule's atomic structure. For example, hydrogen has infinite excited states, while heavier elements have a limited number of excited states.

4. How do scientists study ground and excited states?

Scientists study ground and excited states using spectroscopy techniques, such as absorption spectroscopy and emission spectroscopy. These techniques involve shining light of a specific wavelength onto a sample and measuring the light that is absorbed or emitted, which provides information about the energy levels of the atom or molecule.

5. Why are ground and excited states important in chemistry?

Ground and excited states are important in chemistry because they are involved in chemical reactions. During a chemical reaction, atoms or molecules may transition between ground and excited states as they gain or lose energy. Understanding the energy levels and transitions of atoms and molecules is crucial in predicting and explaining the behavior of chemical reactions.

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