Perhaps if we focus on the common philosophy of the great physicists as to what physics is and ought be, expressed in their simple words reflecting infinite wisdom, we will be better prepared to advance physics beyond the standard model. Equations are more important to me, because politics is for the present, but an equation is something for eternity. –Albert Einstein It is the perfection of God’s works that they are all done with the greatest simplicity. He is the God of order and not of confusion. And therefore as they would understand the frame of the world must endeavor to reduce their knowledge to all possible simplicity, so must it be in seeking to understand these visions. Truth is ever to be found in simplicity, and not in the multiplicity and confusion of things. . . –Sir Isaac Newton When the solution is simple, God is answering. –Einstein The only real valuable thing is intuition. –Einstein A person starts to live when he can live outside himself. –Einstein The only thing that interferes with my learning is my education. –Einstein Peace cannot be kept by force. It can only be achieved by understanding. –Einstein No great discovery was ever made without a bold guess. –Newton For an idea that does not at first seem insane, there is no hope. – Einstein If I have seen further than others, it is by standing upon the shoulders of giants. –Newton In questions of science, the authority of thousands is not worth the humble reasoning of one individual. –Galileo Books on physics are full of complicated mathematical formulae. But thought and ideas (the fourth dimension is expanding relative to the three spatial dimensions at c), not formulae, are the beginning of every physical theory. —Einstein/Infeld, The Evolution of Physics But before mankind could be ripe for a science which takes in the whole of reality, a second fundamental truth was needed, which only became common property among philosophers with the advent of Kepler and Galileo. Pure logical thinking cannot yield us any knowledge of the empirical world; all knowledge of reality starts from experience and ends in it. Propositions arrived at by purely logical means are completely empty as regards reality. Because Galileo saw this, and particularly because he drummed it into the scientific world, he is the father of modern physics—indeed, of modern science altogether. -Einstein , Ideas and Opinions .. my dear Kepler, what do you think of the foremost philosophers of this University? In spite of my oft-repeated efforts and invitations, they have refused, with the obstinacy of a glutted adder, to look at the planets or Moon or my telescope. –Galileo A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die, and a new generation grows up with it. –Planck Every great and deep difficulty bears in itself its own solution. It forces us to change our thinking in order to find it. –Niels Bohr …my observations have convinced me that some men, reasoning preposterously, first establish some conclusion in their minds which, either because of its being their own or because of their having received it from some person who has their entire confidence, impresses them so deeply that one finds it impossible ever to get it out of their heads. Such arguments in support of their fixed idea … gain their instant acceptance … whatever is brought forward against it, however ingenious and conclusive, they receive with disdain or with hot rage … Beside themselves with passion, some of them would not be backward even about scheming to suppress and silence their adversaries…. No good can come of dealing with such people . . . their company may be not only unpleasant but dangerous. –Galileo We are to admit no more causes of natural things than such as are both true and sufficient to explain their appearances. –Newton Everything should be made as simple as possible, but not simpler. –Einstein A physical theory can be satisfactory only if its structures are composed of elementary foundations. The theory of relativity is ultimately as little satisfactory as, for example, classical thermodynamics was before Boltzmann had interpreted the entropy as probability. –Einstein When two systems, of which we know the states by their respective representatives, enter into temporary physical interaction due to known forces between them, and when after a time of mutual influence the systems separate again, then they can no longer be described in the same way as before, viz. by endowing each of them with a representative of its own. I would not call that one but rather the characteristic trait of quantum mechanics, the one that enforces its entire departure from classical lines of thought. By the interaction the two representatives [the quantum states] have become entangled. –Schrodinger Behind it all is surely an idea so simple, so beautiful, that when we grasp it – in a decade, a century, or a millennium—we will all say to each other, how could it have been otherwise? How could we have been so stupid? –Wheeler Three Rules of Work: Out of clutter find simplicity; From discord find harmony; In the middle of difficulty lies opportunity. –Einstein A people that were to honor falsehood, defamation, fraud, and murder would be unable, indeed, to subsist for very long. –Einstein Any intelligent fool can make things bigger, more complex, and more violent. It takes a touch of genius—and a lot of courage—to move in the opposite direction. –Einstein Mathematicians may flatter themselves that they possess new ideas which mere human language is as yet unable to express. Let them make the effort to express these ideas in appropriate words without the aid of symbols, and if they succeed they will not only lay us laymen under a lasting obligation, but, we venture to say, they will find themselves very much enlightened during the process, and will even be doubtful whether the ideas as expressed in symbols had ever quite found their way out of the equations into their minds. –Maxwell I don’t believe in mathematics. –Einstein Do not worry about your difficulties in mathematics, I assure you that mine are greater. –Einstein Geometry is not true, it is advantageous. –Poincare A good decision is based on knowledge and not on numbers. –Plato Not everything that counts can be counted, and not everything that can be counted counts. –Einstein Mathematics are well and good but nature keeps dragging us around by the nose. –Einstein The most beautiful thing we can experience is the mysterious. It is the source of all true art and all science. He to whom this emotion is a stranger, who can no longer pause to wonder and stand rapt in awe, is as good as dead: his eyes are closed. –Einstein The important thing is not to stop questioning. –Einstein Before I enter upon a critique of mechanics as a foundation of physics, something of a broadly general nature will first have to be said concerning the points of view according to which it is possible to criticize physical theories at all. The first point of view is obvious: The theory must not contradict empirical facts. . . The second point of view is not concerned with the relation to the material of observation but with the premises of the theory itself, with what may briefly but vaguely be characterized as the “naturalness” or “logical simplicity” of the premises (of the basic concepts and of the relations between these which are taken as a basis). This point of view, an exact formulation of which meets with great difficulties, has played an important role in the selection and evaluation of theories since time immemorial. –Einstein String Theory has been the leading candidate … for a theory that consistently unifies all the fundamental forces of nature, including gravity. It gained popularity because it provides a theory that is UV finite.(1) . . . The footnote (1) reads: “Although there is no rigorous proof to all orders that the theory is UV finite…” –STRING THEORY IN A NUTSHELL We don’t know what we are talking about . –Nobel Laureate David Gross on string theory It is anomalous to replace the four-dimensional continuum by a five-dimensional one and then subsequently to tie up artificially one of those five dimensions in order to account for the fact that it does not manifest itself. -Einstein to Ehrenfest (Imagine doing this for 10-30+ dimensions!) String theorists don’t make predictions, they make excuses . – Feynman, Nobel Laureate String theory is like a 50 year old woman wearing too much lipstick. -Robert Laughlin, Nobel Laureate Actually, I would not even be prepared to call string theory a “theory” rather a “model” or not even that: just a hunch. After all, a theory should come together with instructions on how to deal with it to identify the things one wishes to describe, in our case the elementary particles, and one should, at least in principle, be able to formulate the rules for calculating the properties of these particles, and how to make new predictions for them. Imagine that I give you a chair, while explaining that the legs are still missing, and that the seat, back and armrest will perhaps be delivered soon; whatever I did give you, can I still call it a chair? –‘t Hooft, Nobel Laureate It is tragic, but now, we have the string theorists, thousands of them, that also dream of explaining all the features of nature. They just celebrated the 20th anniversary of superstring theory. So when one person spends 30 years, it’s a waste, but when thousands waste 20 years in modern day, they celebrate with champagne. I find that curious. -Glashow, Nobel Laureate I don’t like that they’re not calculating anything. I don’t like that they don’t check their ideas. I don’t like that for anything that disagrees with an experiment, they cook up an explanation-a fix-up to say, “Well, it might be true.” For example, the theory requires ten dimensions. Well, maybe there’s a way of wrapping up six of the dimensions. Yes, that’s all possible mathematically, but why not seven? . . . So the fact that it might disagree with experience is very tenuous, it doesn’t produce anything; it has to be excused most of the time. It doesn’t look right. -Feynman But superstring physicists have not yet shown that theory really works. They cannot demonstrate that the standard theory is a logical outcome of string theory. They cannot even be sure that their formalism includes a description of such things as protons and electrons. And they have not yet made even one teeny-tiny experimental prediction. Worst of all, superstring theory does not follow as a logical consequence of some appealing set of hypotheses about nature. —Nobel Laureate Sheldon Glashow The great irony of string theory, however, is that the theory itself is not unified. . . For a theory that makes the claim of providing a unifying framework for all physical laws, it is the supreme irony that the theory itself appears so disunited!! Introduction to Superstrings & M-Theory –Kaku If Einstein were alive today, he would be horrified at this state of affairs. He would upbraid the profession for allowing this mess to develop and fly into a blind rage over the transformation of his beautiful creations into ideologies and the resulting proliferation of logical inconsistencies. Einstein was an artist and a scholar but above all he was a revolutionary. His approach to physics might be summarized as hypothesizing minimally. Never arguing with experiment, demanding total logical consistency, and mistrusting unsubstantiated beliefs. The unsubstantial belief of his day was ether, or more precisely the naïve version of ether that preceded relativity. The unsubstantiated belief of our day is relativity itself. It would be perfectly in character for him to reexamine the facts, toss them over in his mind, and conclude that his beloved principle of relativity was not fundamental at all but emergent (emergent from MDT!) . . . It would mean that the fabric of space-time was not simply the stage on which life played out but an organizational phenomenon, and that there might be something beyond. (MDT!) -A Different Universe, Laughlin, Nobel Laureate [String Theory] has no practical utility, however, other than to sustain the myth of the ultimate theory. There is no experimental evidence for the existence of strings in nature, nor does the special mathematics of string theory enable known experimental behavior to be calculated or predicted more easily. . . String theory is, in fact, a textbook case of Deceitful Turkey, a beautiful set of ideas that will always remain just barely out of reach. Far from a wonderful technological hope for a greater tomorrow, it is instead the tragic consequence of an obsolete belief system-in which emergence plays no role and dark law does not exist. —A Different Universe, Laughlin The first principle is that you must not fool yourself—and you are the easiest person to fool. … You just have to be honest in a conventional way after that. . . I would like to add something that’s not essential to the science, but something I kind of believe, which is that you should not fool the layman when you’re talking as a scientist. . . I’m talking about a specific, extra type of integrity that is not lying, but bending over backwards to show how you are maybe wrong, that you ought to have when acting as a scientist. And this is our responsibility as scientists, certainly to other scientists, and I think to laymen. . . If you’re representing yourself as a scientist, then you should explain to the layman what you’re doing—and if they don’t want to support you under those circumstances, then that’s their decision. –Nobel Laureate Feynman, Cargo Cult Science To me there has never been a higher source of earthly honor or distinction than that connected with advances in science. –Newton Errors are not in the art but in the artificers. –Newton I think that in the discussion of natural problems we ought to begin not with the Scriptures, but with experiments, and demonstrations . –Galileo By denying scientific principles, one may maintain any paradox . –Galileo A man may imagine things that are false, but he can only understand things that are true, for if the things be false, the apprehension of them is not understanding . –Isaac Newton Gradually the conviction gained recognition that all knowledge about things is exclusively a working-over of the raw material furnished by the senses. … Galileo and Hume first upheld this principle with full clarity and decisiveness . -Einstein LET US EMBRACE THESE PHILOSOPHIES AS WE FORGE AHEAD!!!