Heat capacity at constant volume explanation

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Homework Statement



Explain what is meant by the heat capacity at constant volume, CV, and the heat capacity at constant pressure, CP.

How are these two properties related for an ideal gas?

Why is CP generally greater than CV


Homework Equations





The Attempt at a Solution



heat capacity at constant volume- CV- as the heat input, Q, needed to warm a body, divided by the corresponding temperature rise , where the temperaute rise is small, and the heating is carried out at constant volume


heat capacity at constant pressure, CP. As the heat input, Q, needed to warm a body, divided by the corresponding temperature rise, where the temperaute rise is small, and the heating is carried out at constant pressure,


CV- theortical importance
cp- practical importance
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
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What are [tex] C_p [/tex] and [tex] C_v [/tex] for monatomic and diatomic gases? You can pretty much find your answers to your questions in any standard physics textbook.
 
  • #3
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Both cv and vp are used in practice.
Cp is used maybe a little bit more often because many processes happen at a constant pressure.
The pressure can be the atmospheric pressure.
Or the pressure can be higher but it is often controlled to be constant, for various reasons including safety.
 
  • #4
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Why is CP generally greater than CV?

coz Cp is used more often because more processes at constant pressure.

-----------------------------------------------------

How are these two properties related for an ideal gas?

Cp molar heat capacity of a monatomic gas is 5R/2
and for diatomic gas is 7R/2
 

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