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Help with total capacitance in parallel and in series

  • Thread starter complexc25
  • Start date
12
0
According to its design specification, the timer circuit delaying the closing of an elevator door is to have a capacitance of 33.0 µF between two points A and B.
(a) When one circuit is being constructed, the inexpensive but durable capacitor installed between these two points is found to have capacitance 35.4 µF. To meet the specification, one additional capacitor can be placed between the two points. To meet the specification, one additional capacitor can be placed between the two points. Should it be in series or in parallel with the 35.4 µF capacitor? (in series)

What should be its capacitance?

(b) The next circuit comes down the assembly line with capacitance 32.5 µF between A and B. What additional capacitor should be installed in series or in parallel in that circuit, to meet the specification? (parallel)

a) Ct = C1 +C2
33uF = 35.4uF + C2
isn't C2 = 33fF - 34.5uF ??

b) (1/Ct) = (1/C1) + (1/C2)
isnt (1/C2) = (1/33uf) - (1/32.5uF) ??

Im lost here...any help will be apprecieated
 

Answers and Replies

1,860
0
For a you have the right answers, but you did the method wrong. How did you manage to do that? Series capacitors add like parallel resistances and parallel add like series resistances. Swap your two procedures and you should be good.
 
dynamicsolo
Homework Helper
1,648
4
According to its design specification, the timer circuit delaying the closing of an elevator door is to have a capacitance of 33.0 µF between two points A and B.
(a) When one circuit is being constructed, the inexpensive but durable capacitor installed between these two points is found to have capacitance 35.4 µF. To meet the specification, one additional capacitor can be placed between the two points. To meet the specification, one additional capacitor can be placed between the two points. Should it be in series or in parallel with the 35.4 µF capacitor? (in series)

What should be its capacitance?
Consider the two calculation rules for combining capacitors in series and in parallel. You want the effective capacitance, as the result of putting two capacitors together, to be lower than the capacitance of the single capacitor presently in use. Which combination will allow you to come up with smaller capacitance?

(b) The next circuit comes down the assembly line with capacitance 32.5 µF between A and B. What additional capacitor should be installed in series or in parallel in that circuit, to meet the specification? (parallel)
This is a similar question, but now you want to end up with a larger effective capacitance. Will a series or a parallel combination get you a higher value?
 
12
0
thanx for the quick reply guys....dynamicsolo, i should have thought about both of ur conclusions...im dumb :s
 
dynamicsolo
Homework Helper
1,648
4
thanx for the quick reply guys....dynamicsolo, i should have thought about both of ur conclusions...im dumb :s
Don't take it as a sign of being dumb -- unfortunately, equations and formulas in courses like these are not always taught with consideration of what happens to the numbers put into them...
 

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