# Help with understanding equilibrium & temperature

• AliSkully
In summary, increasing the temperature in an endothermic reaction allows for more time for the products to form due to a higher activation energy. Decreasing the temperature in an exothermic reaction causes the system to favor the endothermic reaction to absorb energy, according to the Le Chatelier's principle. On the other hand, a decrease in temperature favors exothermic reactions to release energy and increase the temperature. This results in an increase in the concentration of hydrogen and nitrogen in the reverse reaction of an endothermic reaction.
AliSkully
Can someone explain why when you increase the temperature on an endothermic reaction, it yields more products? Is it because the activation energy is higher in an endothermic reaction, so there is more time for the products to form? also why does decreasing the temperature yield more products in an exothermic reaction. I'm having trouble grasping this.

cheers

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Ah so I kept on reading the textbook and it says that According the Le Chatelier's principle that if the temperature is increased, the system will react to try and decrease the temperature so it favors the endothermic reaction to absorb the energy. and when temperature is decreased the reaction favors exothermic reactions to release energy to increase the temperature. So an endothermic reaction will favor a reverse reaction which will increase the concentration of hydrogen and nitrogen.

## What is equilibrium?

Equilibrium is a state in which opposing forces or processes are balanced, resulting in a stable system. In the context of temperature, it refers to a state in which the rate of heat transfer into a system is equal to the rate of heat transfer out of the system.

## How does temperature affect equilibrium?

Temperature plays a crucial role in determining the equilibrium state of a system. In general, an increase in temperature will cause an increase in the rate of chemical reactions, which can shift the equilibrium state. Additionally, changes in temperature can also affect the solubility of substances, which can also impact equilibrium.

## What is the difference between dynamic and static equilibrium?

In dynamic equilibrium, the forward and reverse reactions are occurring at equal rates, resulting in a constant concentration of reactants and products. In static equilibrium, the system is at rest and there is no net change in the concentrations of reactants and products.

## How can Le Chatelier's principle help us understand equilibrium?

Le Chatelier's principle states that when a system at equilibrium is subjected to a stress, it will respond by shifting in a direction that minimizes the effect of that stress. This principle helps us understand how changes in temperature, pressure, or concentration can affect the equilibrium state and how the system will respond to these changes.

## What factors can affect the equilibrium constant?

The equilibrium constant (K) is affected by temperature, pressure, and the initial concentrations of the reactants and products. Changes in any of these factors can cause the equilibrium position to shift and result in a different value for the equilibrium constant.

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