# Homology of the Klein Bottle using M-V sequences

1. Mar 10, 2009

### quasar987

2. Mar 10, 2009

### matt grime

The homology group is Z + Z quotiented by the image of alpha. In the given bases label them e,f, what is this? It is <e,f>/(2f=0) i.e. Z + Z/2Z

3. Mar 10, 2009

### owlpride

How do you compute the quotient

$$\frac{\ker(d_n)}{\text{im}(d_{n+1})}$$

? If you can express $$\ker(d_n)$$ and $$\text{im}(d_{n+1})$$ in terms of the same basis, then modding out is straight forward. That's why Wiki is choosing a non-standard basis for Z². Why don't you write out the sequence and the maps?

Last edited: Mar 10, 2009
4. Mar 11, 2009

### quasar987

Thanks. I had forgotten that given a short exact sequence 0-->A-f->B-->C-->0, we have C=B/Im(f).

Actually, there is no need to talk about basis here since Im(alpha) is clearly just 2Z, so H_1(K)=(Z+Z)(2Z)=Z+Z/2Z.