# How do you find the direction and magnitude from a nucleus?

• itsmarasilly
In summary, the nucleus of an atom has a charge of 65 protons and the electric field at 4.9 x 10^-10 m from the nucleus can be calculated using the equation E= KQ/d^2. However, the units of 65 protons are not compatible with the units in the equation, so further clarification is needed. Additionally, the force exerted on an electron located at this distance can be calculated, but further information is needed to determine the direction and magnitude.
itsmarasilly

## Homework Statement

The nucleus of an atom has a charge of 65 protons.

(a) What are the direction and magnitude of the electric field at 4.9 x 10^-10 m from the nucleus?

(b) What are the direction and magnitude of the force exerted on an electron located at this distance?

E= KQ/d^2
K= 9 x 10^9

## The Attempt at a Solution

(a) (9 x 10^9)(65)/(4.9 x 10^-10)^2
= 2.44e30 N

I think you need to understand what the charge of 65 protons is.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proton

It is not 65 coulombs that are the units of the equation you used.

Having found the field, then b) is asking you to find the force.

I would approach this problem by first understanding the concepts of electric field and force. The electric field is a measure of the force per unit charge at a given point in space. It is a vector quantity, meaning it has both direction and magnitude. The direction of the electric field at a point is defined as the direction of the force that a positive test charge would experience if placed at that point. The magnitude of the electric field is given by the equation E= KQ/d^2, where K is the Coulomb's constant, Q is the charge of the nucleus, and d is the distance from the nucleus.

(a) To find the direction and magnitude of the electric field at a distance of 4.9 x 10^-10 m from the nucleus, we can use the equation E= KQ/d^2. Plugging in the given values, we get E = (9 x 10^9)(65)/(4.9 x 10^-10)^2 = 2.44 x 10^30 N/C. This means that at a distance of 4.9 x 10^-10 m from the nucleus, a positive test charge would experience a force of 2.44 x 10^30 N in the direction away from the nucleus.

(b) The question is asking for the direction and magnitude of the force exerted on an electron located at the same distance from the nucleus. Since an electron has a negative charge, it would experience a force in the opposite direction of the electric field. The magnitude of this force can be calculated using the equation F= qE, where q is the charge of the electron and E is the electric field. Plugging in the values, we get F = (1.6 x 10^-19)(2.44 x 10^30) = 3.9 x 10^11 N. This means that at a distance of 4.9 x 10^-10 m from the nucleus, an electron would experience a force of 3.9 x 10^11 N towards the nucleus.

In summary, to find the direction and magnitude of the electric field and force at a given distance from a nucleus, we can use the equations E= KQ/d^2 and F= qE respectively. It is important to note that the direction of the electric field and force are opposite for positive and negative charges.

## 1. How do you determine the direction of a nucleus?

The direction of a nucleus can be determined by examining the spin of the nucleus. The spin can be measured using various techniques such as nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) or electron spin resonance (ESR). These techniques involve subjecting the nucleus to a magnetic field and measuring the resulting response.

## 2. What is the magnitude of a nucleus?

The magnitude of a nucleus refers to its size or mass. The magnitude of a nucleus can be determined by measuring its atomic mass, which is the sum of the protons and neutrons in the nucleus. This can be done using techniques such as mass spectrometry.

## 3. How is the direction of a nucleus related to its magnetic field?

The direction of a nucleus is directly related to its magnetic field. The direction of the nucleus's spin determines the direction of its magnetic field. This is known as the nuclear magnetic moment and is an important property for understanding the behavior of nuclei in magnetic fields.

## 4. Can the direction and magnitude of a nucleus change?

Yes, the direction and magnitude of a nucleus can change. This can occur through various processes such as nuclear reactions, radioactive decay, or interactions with external magnetic fields. These changes can be measured and studied by scientists to better understand the behavior of nuclei.

## 5. Why is it important to study the direction and magnitude of a nucleus?

Studying the direction and magnitude of a nucleus is crucial for understanding the properties and behavior of atoms and matter. The direction and magnitude of a nucleus can provide valuable information about the structure, stability, and interactions of atoms and molecules. This knowledge is essential for many fields of science, including chemistry, physics, and biology.

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