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transgalactic
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how to calculate the dipole moment of a molecule??
using electronegative values of periodic table
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using electronegative values of periodic table
??
transgalactic said:using electronegative values of periodic table
??
A dipole moment is a measure of the separation of positive and negative charges within a molecule. It is a vector quantity, meaning it has both magnitude and direction.
The dipole moment of a molecule can be calculated by multiplying the magnitude of the charge on each atom by the distance between them, and then summing these values for all atoms in the molecule.
Dipole moment is typically measured in Debye (D) units, which is equal to 3.33564 x 10^-30 coulomb-meters (Cm).
The formula for calculating dipole moment is μ = Q x r, where μ is the dipole moment, Q is the magnitude of the charge, and r is the distance between the charges.
The geometry of a molecule can greatly affect its dipole moment. Molecules with symmetric geometry, such as linear or symmetrical tetrahedral structures, tend to have a dipole moment of zero. Molecules with asymmetric geometry, such as bent or unsymmetrical tetrahedral structures, tend to have a non-zero dipole moment.