How to reduce the flammability of crude oil?

  • Thread starter jjoll
  • Start date
  • Tags
    Fire Oil
In summary, Detergent and water can be added to oils and fuels to reduce flammability and thickens or gels the oil.
  • #1
jjoll
20
0
P { margin-bottom: 0.08in; }

Hi,I am currently working on a project on “safety for transportation of crude oil”, I don't have technical background in chemical and material science that is why I need some expert opinions.1- is there and process, chemical or material that can be added to a oil (specially crude oil), or gasoline or petrol so that it neutralizes the flammability of that liquid or significantly lower it? It doesn't matter if it destroys that oil and makes it unusable.2- Any material that THICKENS the oil (make it more viscous and gel like), it would be great if it thickens the oil (turn it to gel) AND reduces flammability at the same time.

I have heard you can use water and detergent to gel the oil and make it less flammable. Is that true?3- I want the process to occur as fast as possible.Somebody told me:

“A detergent and water can be added to oils and fuels. That reduces flammability and thickens or gels the oil. (Mixing paraffin [kerosene] and liquid dish detergent creates a thick gel that looks & works like a Swarfega-type mechanics hand cleaner).Detergent molecules are polarised - one end binds to oils, the other to water. The chemical bond makes it harder for the oil to evaporate & it's the vapour that burns. “how long a process like this would take and is this true?
 
Chemistry news on Phys.org
  • #2
jjoll said:
how long a process like this would take and is this true?
Depends on how you apply it, but there is no "waiting time" - you just have to mix it.
You can also use everything porous that can absorb oil inside. There are tons of materials, but most of them are probably impractical because they are too expensive, make further handling of the oil even more problematic, or use too much volume or mass. Dumping tons of sand on the oil will work as well if you have enough sand, but then you have a huge mass (and mess) of oily sand. It would be interesting what you plan to do with the oil.
 
  • #3
Or you could approach the problem from the other side and ensure the exclusion of exposure to oxygen.
 
  • #4
Not to be too flippant, but from the description in the OP, burning the oil would satisfy the criteria of chemically altering it to make it non-flammable, rendering it non-usable and destroying it.
 

Related to How to reduce the flammability of crude oil?

1. How does crude oil catch fire?

Crude oil is a mixture of hydrocarbons and other compounds that are highly flammable. When exposed to a spark or open flame, the hydrocarbons in crude oil can ignite and cause a fire.

2. What methods can be used to reduce the flammability of crude oil?

Some methods that can be used to reduce the flammability of crude oil include adding chemical dispersants, using foam or water sprays, and covering the oil with a layer of sand or earth to smother the fire.

3. Can additives be used to make crude oil less flammable?

Yes, certain additives such as flame retardants and surfactants can be added to crude oil to make it less flammable. These additives work by either suppressing the formation of flammable vapors or interrupting the chain reaction that leads to combustion.

4. Is it possible to prevent crude oil from catching fire in the first place?

While it is not possible to completely prevent crude oil from catching fire, there are some precautions that can be taken to minimize the risk. These include storing and transporting the oil in proper containers, monitoring for potential sources of ignition, and having emergency response plans in place.

5. Are there any long-term solutions for reducing the flammability of crude oil?

Research is currently being done on developing new methods for reducing the flammability of crude oil, such as using nanoparticles or creating a chemical reaction that converts the hydrocarbons into less flammable compounds. However, these solutions are still in the early stages of development and may not be widely available for some time.

Similar threads

Replies
2
Views
8K
  • Materials and Chemical Engineering
Replies
2
Views
14K
  • Linear and Abstract Algebra
Replies
1
Views
2K
  • Chemistry
Replies
2
Views
2K
Replies
14
Views
3K
  • Sci-Fi Writing and World Building
Replies
21
Views
2K
Replies
17
Views
60K
  • Introductory Physics Homework Help
Replies
5
Views
1K
  • Materials and Chemical Engineering
Replies
4
Views
9K
Back
Top