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I don't understand force as a function of time

  1. Oct 16, 2016 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A 2.70 kg box is moving to the right with speed 9.50 m/s on a horizontal, frictionless surface. At t = 0 a horizontal force is applied to the box. The force is directed to the left and has magnitude F(t)=( 6.00 N/s2 )t2

    What distance does the box move from its position at t=0 before its speed is reduced to zero?

    2. Relevant equations
    F = ma
    vf^2 = vi^2 + 2ad
    xf = xi + vit + .5axt^2

    3. The attempt at a solution
    So i am confused about this F(t) = 6.00(n/s2)t^2

    I've read solutions to problems similar to this where they say to integrate to get a velocity equation and then solve for v=0.

    So I did that:

    a=6t^2
    v=(6t^3)/3 + C, and plugged in my initial velocity, 9.50 m/s as C. I am not sure why but I saw someone do this in the solutions I looked at.

    From this I solved for time and got 1.68s.

    Then I used Newton's 2nd Law .

    F = ma = 6.00t^2. I didn't include weight and normal force because the object is only moving along the x axis.

    ma = 6.00t^2
    2.70a=6.00(1.68^2)
    a = 6.272m/s^2

    Now that I have acceleration, initial velocity, initial position, and time, I use my kinematic equation to find the final position where Vf is 0.

    xf = 0 + 9.5(1.68) + .5(6.272)(1.68^2)
    xf= 15.96 + 8.85
    xf = 24.8m

    This is wrong. The parts where I am very confused are interpreting what F(t) = 6.00(N/s2)t^2 means compared to F(t) = 6.00N. I am also confused with knowing how to determine what C is, but maybe I would understand that part if I understood the force function. Thank you for looking at this!
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 16, 2016 #2

    PeroK

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    Your kinematics equations only hold for constant acceleration. In this case, you have a variable acceleration that is changing with time.

    You need, therefore, to apply calculus to calculate distance and velocity over time. That's where the integration comes in.

    Have you covered some course material on this?

    PS A force of ##F = 6N## is a constant force. A force of ##F = 6t^2 (N/s^2)## is a force that starts at ##0## and increases with time, according to that formula. At ##t=10s##, say, the force would be ##600N##. You should be familiar with a function like that from your maths classes.
     
    Last edited: Oct 16, 2016
  4. Oct 16, 2016 #3

    CWatters

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    You need to apply Newtons law first eg..

    f=ma
    so
    a=f/m
    then replace f with 6t2
    a=6t2/m

    then integrate to give velocity etc
     
  5. Oct 16, 2016 #4
    Thank you I used this information to solve both parts of the problem. I use the integral of acceleration and of velocity to find time and then used that time to find position.
     
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