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Identifying singularities of f and classifying them

  1. Nov 29, 2013 #1
    Hi guys, just wanting to know if I'm doing this right. [tex] f(z) = \frac{z}{(z^2 + 4) (z^2+1/4)} [/tex]
    Singularities of f(z) are when [tex] (z^2 + 4), (z^2 + 1/4) = 0 [/tex]

    In this case, the singularities are [tex] \pm2i , \pm\frac{i}{2} [/tex]

    Lets call these singularities [itex] s [/itex] and [itex] s [/itex] is a simple pole if [itex] \lim_{z \to s} \frac{z}{(z^2 + 4) (z^2+1/4)} [/itex] exists.

    I got all these singularities to be simple poles, correct or incorrect?
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 29, 2013 #2


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    A simple pole is a pole of order one which means it appears in the laurent expansion as [itex] (z-z_0)^{-1} [/itex]
    For your functions:


    Where I have used the method of partial fractions.
  4. Nov 29, 2013 #3
    Thanks, but on my course we don't use any sort of expansions so I'm having difficulty understanding what the expansion actually tells me, I just wanted to know if those singularities I have are just simple poles or poles of higher order.
  5. Nov 29, 2013 #4


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    Your definition of a simple pole is incorrect. A pole s of f(z) called removable if
    [tex] \lim_{z \to s} f(z) [/tex]
    exists, and it is a simple pole if
    [tex] \lim_{x\to s} (z-s) f(z) [/tex]
    exists and is not equal to zero (if it was zero then you would have a removable singularity).

    You can easily check by just canceling the numerator and denominator of the simple pole limit that the poles you have are simple
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