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Inertia and Kinetic energy of the sun

  1. Feb 27, 2010 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    Ive been trying to find the Inertia and Kinetic energy of the sun. I have a feeling im using the wrong formulas to obtain the answer.

    Mass of sun 2*10^30kg
    Radius of sun 700*10^6 m
    t spin = 26 days

    the answers should be
    I = 4.0 * 10^98
    K energy = 1.5 * 10^16

    2. Relevant equations

    I=(2/5)*M*R^2
    K= (1/2)M*(ω^2)*(r^2)
    ω = 2pi/t


    3. The attempt at a solution


    If someone knows how to do this i would really appreciate it.:smile:
     
    Last edited: Feb 28, 2010
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 28, 2010 #2
    The equation for the moment of inertia of a solid sphere is correct. The answer you gave is not correct. (by a factor of more than 10^50)

    Another problem is that the core of the sun is so much more dense than the upper layers.
    According to this http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/factsheet/sunfact.html" [Broken]

    the moment of inertia is about 0.059*M*R^2 instead of 0.4*M*R^2


    The equaton for kinetic energy is [tex] K = \frac {1}{2}I {\omega}^2 [/tex]

    where I is the moment of inertia. The answer given is wrong. All of the answers
    require units.
     
    Last edited by a moderator: May 4, 2017
  4. Feb 28, 2010 #3
    The real problem here isn't the overly-simplified model of the sun, but the wrong formula given for spin kinetic energy.

    Spin kinetic energy is the kinetic energy associated with an object's rotation about its own center of mass.

    The formula for it is: [tex]K_{spin}=\frac{1}{2}I\omega^2[/tex] where [tex]I[/tex] is the relevant moment of inertia (Depending on what axis the object is spinning about).

    The formula you cited is only true for a point object, and for thin rings, where, as a private case of the general formula, [tex]I=mr^2[/tex], which does not hold in general.
     
    Last edited by a moderator: May 4, 2017
  5. Feb 28, 2010 #4
    Thanks for answering the question, I now see what i did wrong. The I = 4.0 * 10^98 was a note taking error, lol just a slight difference from the real answer.
     
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