Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Homework Help: Integration by parts help

  1. Feb 12, 2005 #1
    I've got a function [tex] \int e^{-x}sinx dx [/tex]

    From what I know, only functions which has one or more products with a finite number of successive differentials can be evaluated using integration by parts. Because for [tex]\int v du [/tex]in our choice of du, we want to cut down on the number of times we have to evaluate it using integration by parts again.

    Since both [tex]e^{-x}[/tex] and [tex]sinx[/tex] have infinite nos. of successive differentials, how do i evaluate that?
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 12, 2005 #2


    User Avatar
    Science Advisor

    You need to integrate by parts TWICE, after which the Sin() will recur and can be combined with the original Sin() on the same side of the equation. Divide both sides by 2 to arrive at your answer.

    Last edited: Feb 12, 2005
  4. Feb 12, 2005 #3
    hey, i didn't saw that, thanks alot......
  5. Feb 12, 2005 #4


    User Avatar
    Homework Helper

    There is a much neater way to integrate the function. Hint : What is the imaginary part of [tex]e^{(-1 + i)x}[/tex] ?

    EDIT : Nevermind, here's the whole solution since it's only an extra (but "cool" method). z is the constant of integration, with c being the imaginary part of the constant.

    [tex]\int e^{-x}\sin x dx = Im(\int e^{(-1 + i)x} dx) = Im(\frac{1}{-1 + i}e^{(-1 + i)x} + z)[/tex]

    which can be further simplified to [tex]-\frac{1}{2}e^{-x}(\sin x + \cos x) + c[/tex]
    Last edited: Feb 12, 2005
  6. Feb 12, 2005 #5


    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    I would normally second the complex variable method (since it goes nicely in the theory of Laplace transformations),but the exarcise required part integration,which of course,requires in turn less mathematical knowledge...

Share this great discussion with others via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook