# Integration of a 2D matrix using MATLAB

How to do integration for a 2D matrix using MATLAB?

That is to say, suppose I have a bunch of data points over a rectangular region in xy plane, how to find the integral over this plane?

More explicitly, suppose I want to integrate over a square region, [0,4]x[0,4]

my data is

2 4 5 8 6
6 8 7 8 9
1 0 2 0 1
5 2 1 3 2
2 2 2 1 3

Therefore the value at (3,0) is 5, the value at (1,1) is 8, etc.

How to find the integral of these data over this square region?

If it were a 1D vector I am sure I can do it with trapz. But what about 2D? Thanks

kreil
Gold Member
Therefore the value at (3,0) is 5, the value at (1,1) is 8, etc.

No. The indices of a matrix in MATLAB always start with 1 and the column is specified first. So 5 is at (1,3) and 8 is at (2,2).

If you use cumtrapz() on your matrix it will return a matrix of the same size:

Code:
[x,y] = meshgrid(0:4,0:4);
I = [2 4 5 8 6; 6 8 7 8 9;1 0 2 0 1; 5 2 1 3 2; 2 2 2 1 3];
cumtrapz(I)

ans =

0         0         0         0         0
4.0000    6.0000    6.0000    8.0000    7.5000
7.5000   10.0000   10.5000   12.0000   12.5000
10.5000   11.0000   12.0000   13.5000   14.0000
14.0000   13.0000   13.5000   15.5000   16.5000

The last row is equivalent to the output from trapz(). To visualize:

Code:
plot3(x,y,cumtrapz(I),x,y,I)
view(-84,6)

So the area under the data points is

Code:
sum(trapz(I))

ans =

72.5000

Of course, this is a bad approximation since the points are far apart and linear behavior is assumed. More data points spaced closer together will give better results.

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