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Intramolecular, intermolecular, electrostatic forces

  1. Jan 28, 2013 #1
    I'm getting a bit confused as to what each force refers to. Correct me if I am wrong,

    Intermolecular forces (also referred to as electrostatic forces), are forces that exist between molecules. These forces can very in strength, strongest in liquids, relatively weaker in liquids, and almost non existent in gases. Intermolecular forces are directly proportional to the quantity of charge of the first particle times the quantity of charges of the second particle. They are inversely proportional to the distance squared between the molecules.

    Intramolecular forces are relatively much strong stronger when compared to intermolecular forces. Intramolecular forces are what bind atoms together. Covalent, ionic, and metallic bonds are examples of intramolecular forces.

    ^^ Does that sound okay? Any help is greatly appreciated
  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 28, 2013 #2


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    Staff: Mentor

    You can have intermolecular forces with uncharged molecules as well - this is known as Van-der-Waals force. If both molecules are charged, their direct attraction/repulsion based on that charge is dominant, but they tend to neutralize quickly.
  4. Jan 28, 2013 #3
    Ah I see. Greatly appreciated! much thanks!
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