Intramolecular, intermolecular, electrostatic forces

In summary, intermolecular forces refer to the forces that exist between molecules and can vary in strength. They are directly proportional to the quantity of charge of the first particle times the quantity of charge of the second particle, and inversely proportional to the distance squared between the molecules. Intramolecular forces, on the other hand, are much stronger and refer to the bonds that hold atoms together. Examples of intramolecular forces include covalent, ionic, and metallic bonds. Van-der-Waals force also exists as a type of intermolecular force that can occur between uncharged molecules.
  • #1
gomess
14
0
I'm getting a bit confused as to what each force refers to. Correct me if I am wrong,

Intermolecular forces (also referred to as electrostatic forces), are forces that exist between molecules. These forces can very in strength, strongest in liquids, relatively weaker in liquids, and almost non existent in gases. Intermolecular forces are directly proportional to the quantity of charge of the first particle times the quantity of charges of the second particle. They are inversely proportional to the distance squared between the molecules.

Intramolecular forces are relatively much strong stronger when compared to intermolecular forces. Intramolecular forces are what bind atoms together. Covalent, ionic, and metallic bonds are examples of intramolecular forces.

^^ Does that sound okay? Any help is greatly appreciated
 
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  • #2
You can have intermolecular forces with uncharged molecules as well - this is known as Van-der-Waals force. If both molecules are charged, their direct attraction/repulsion based on that charge is dominant, but they tend to neutralize quickly.
 
  • #3
Ah I see. Greatly appreciated! much thanks!
 

Related to Intramolecular, intermolecular, electrostatic forces

1. What is the difference between intramolecular and intermolecular forces?

Intramolecular forces are the forces that hold atoms together within a molecule, while intermolecular forces are the forces between different molecules. Intramolecular forces are typically stronger than intermolecular forces.

2. What types of forces fall under the category of electrostatic forces?

Electrostatic forces include attraction and repulsion between charged particles, such as the attraction between a positive and negative ion, or the repulsion between two like charges.

3. How do intramolecular forces affect the properties of a substance?

Intramolecular forces determine the physical and chemical properties of a substance, such as its melting and boiling points, solubility, and reactivity. They also determine the shape and structure of molecules.

4. Can intermolecular forces be manipulated?

Intermolecular forces can be manipulated through changes in temperature, pressure, and the presence of other substances. This can affect the physical state of a substance, such as changing a solid into a liquid or gas.

5. How do electrostatic forces play a role in biological systems?

Electrostatic forces are essential in biological systems, as they play a role in protein folding, enzyme-substrate interactions, and cell signaling. These forces also contribute to the stability and structure of DNA and other biomolecules.

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