# Is the number of strings constant?

• bostonnew
In summary, the conversation discusses the concept of conservation of strings in the universe as proposed by string theory. The expert provides a summary of the main ideas discussed, including the fact that the number of strings is not conserved and they can split and fuse together. The conversation also touches on the relationship between matter and energy in string theory, and the formation of elements and molecules. Finally, the expert explains that mass does not necessarily require dimensions and mentions the Dirac delta function as a source to further understand this concept.
bostonnew
Hi,

Can someone please tell me if current versions of string theory assume (or perhaps result in) a conservation of the number of strings in the universe? Just like conservation of matter and energy.

If my lunch is made up of tiny vibrating strings, was it the same strings that existed during, say, the period of inflation in the early universe? If they just filled a different role back then.

Also, can string theory explain such changes in matter and energy over long periods of time? The formation of new elements, new molecules, DNA, etc.

Thanks

The number of strings is not conserved. One string may split into two strings, just as two strings may fuse into one.

Demystifier said:
The number of strings is not conserved. One string may split into two strings, just as two strings may fuse into one.

so vibrating strings of infinet volume and no demention can be spit and join together? and if so how can you "spit" something that has no dementions? or for that mater how can they join together if there litrally nothing. 0+0 is still 0 not 1 and vise versa... your answer causes more questions then answers.

so vibrating strings of infinet volume and no demention

Where did you read this. Have you a reliable source?

Strings typically have one dimension, and branes are two dimensional.

As posted above, there is no conservation of strings.

You can think of it this way: strings constitute both matter and energy (like radiation)...and than can morph from one to the other...by breaking apart and combining...for example, Hawking radiation can be thought of as a string segment (a loop, a twist) breaking away from the horizon...

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If my lunch is made up of tiny vibrating strings, was it the same strings that existed during, say, the period of inflation in the early universe?

The elements actually formed after the period of inflation...during inflation whatever matter may have existed was likely ionized...and remained so until about 380,000 years after the big bang...elements up to iron are created in stars, but heavier elements require supernvoa explosions...

If you subscribe to the never ending universe, for example the Turok-Steinhardt model, then I think many if not all of the elements have always been here...perhaps subject to formation via stars and supernova...

Naty1 said:
You can think of it this way: strings constitute both matter and energy (like radiation)...and than can morph from one to the other...by breaking apart and combining...for example, Hawking radiation can be thought of as a string segment (a loop, a twist) breaking away from the horizon...

what kind of energy? It can't both have mass and energy if the strings have only one demention, mass is a three dimensional mesurement of lenth, width, and height. in order to have mass you need all three dimentions. you can not say that a two demention plane has mass because it is infintly thin. as enstine showed mass and energy are the same without one you can't have the other

awhalen said:
what kind of energy? It can't both have mass and energy if the strings have only one demention, mass is a three dimensional mesurement of lenth, width, and height. in order to have mass you need all three dimentions. you can not say that a two demention plane has mass because it is infintly thin. as enstine showed mass and energy are the same without one you can't have the other

Have you ever heard about the Dirac delta function? I guess not ...

awhalen said:
what kind of energy? It can't both have mass and energy if the strings have only one demention, mass is a three dimensional mesurement of lenth, width, and height. in order to have mass you need all three dimentions. you can not say that a two demention plane has mass because it is infintly thin. as enstine showed mass and energy are the same without one you can't have the other

Mass does not require dimension. Take for example the electron, it is a pointlike particle and hence have no spatial dimensions but it does have a mass.

kaksmet said:
Mass does not require dimension. Take for example the electron, it is a pointlike particle and hence have no spatial dimensions but it does have a mass.

if it is "pointlike" but not a point then just becuase its consitered a point does not mean it is. i still hold the same thought mass is a mesurement of three dimentions. in your next post if you disagree with this geive a reliable source.

awhalen said:
if it is "pointlike" but not a point then just becuase its consitered a point does not mean it is. i still hold the same thought mass is a mesurement of three dimentions. in your next post if you disagree with this geive a reliable source.
Someone who never heard about the Dirac delta function could not understand such a source. If you want me to give you such a source, please convince me that you understand the Dirac delta function.

Demystifier said:
Someone who never heard about the Dirac delta function could not understand such a source. If you want me to give you such a source, please convince me that you understand the Dirac delta function.

the dirac delta funtion, to my understanding, is that it is zero everywhere but at zero this is all i know about it though i am only 17 and would like to learn if you would EXPLAIN what it is and not just shoving me to the side like a wothless piece of knowlege. how can it be zero every where but at zero and in what way dose it aply to string threoy? if you could send your reply in a private message.

Awhalen, I have sent you a private message.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charge_density
especially the section "Discrete charges".
Everything what is said there for charge can also be said for mass.

## 1. Is the number of strings constant?

The answer to this question depends on the context. In physics, the number of strings in a string theory is considered to be constant. However, in computer science, the number of strings can vary depending on the input data.

## 2. How do you determine the number of strings in a system?

The number of strings in a system can be determined by counting the individual strings or by using mathematical equations and algorithms, depending on the complexity of the system.

## 3. Can the number of strings change over time?

Yes, in certain systems, the number of strings can change over time. For example, in computer programming, strings can be added or removed from a data structure during runtime. In other systems, such as string theory, the number of strings is believed to remain constant.

## 4. What factors can affect the number of strings in a system?

The number of strings in a system can be affected by various factors such as input data, system size and complexity, and the type of system. In some cases, external factors such as environmental conditions can also impact the number of strings in a system.

## 5. Is there a limit to the number of strings in a system?

It depends on the system. In theory, there may be a limit to the number of strings in a system, but in practice, it can vary depending on the resources and constraints of the system. For example, a computer system may have a physical limit on the number of strings it can handle due to memory or storage limitations.

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