The following distinguishes TWO cases for large samples confidence interval for difference in means:(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});

http://www.geocities.com/asdfasdf23135/stat11.JPG

where Sp^2 is the pooled estimate of the common variance, n1 is the sample size from the first population, n2 is the sample size from the second population, and z_alpha/2 is 100(1-alpha/2) th percentile of the standard normal.

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It seems to me that case 1 is a special case of case 2 with the population variances being equal. If this is the case, the formula for case 2 should reduce to the formula for case 1 when the population variances are equal. However, I have no way of seeing it being the case.

[aside: I am trying to cut down on the number of formulas that I have to memorize. Instead of two different formulas, if case 2 contains case 1, then I only have to memorize the general case 2 formula which is nice.]

Could somebody please show me how I can reduce case 2 to case 1?

Any help would be appreciated!

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# Large samples confidence interval for difference in means

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