Length of acceleration for a rock fragment escaping Mars

  1. 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    It has been suggested, and not facetiously, that life might have originated on Mars and been carried to Earth when a meteor hit Mars and blasted pieces of rock (perhaps containing primitive life) free of the surface. Astronomers know that many Martian rocks have come to Earth this way. (For information on one of these, search the Internet for “ALH 84001”.) One objection to this idea is that microbes would have to undergo an enormous, lethal acceleration during the impact. Let us investigate how large such an acceleration might be. To escape Mars, rock fragments would have to reach its escape velocity of 5.0 km/s , and this would most likely happen over a distance of about 4.0m during the impact.

    a) What would the acceleration in such a rock fragment be?
    I got this part! 3.13e6 m/s^2

    b) How long would this acceleration last?
    This the part I am confused about. I thought it was 0.0016 s but that is incorrect. Any help would be appreciated!
  2. jcsd
  3. HallsofIvy

    HallsofIvy 40,369
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor

    Let the acceleration, in kilometers per second, of the object after after the impact be "a". Then the speed, t seconds after initial impact, is at and the distance moved is (a/2)t^2. We know that the distance is 4m= .004 km so we can solve (a/2)t^2= 4 for t in terms of a. Put that into at= 5 km/s to get an equation for a.
  4. Thanks for the reply! I figured out that I actually had the right answer I was just confusing the units.
  5. how did you find part A???
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