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Mathematica code for multinomial expansion

  1. Apr 11, 2015 #1

    I m looking for a mathematica code for the multinomial expansion of the general case of (let's say m sum terms given in a power of n), e.g., the code for the 1st equation in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multinomial_theorem

    Any help would be useful.

  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 13, 2015 #2


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    Staff: Mentor

    I'm not sure I understand what you want. Do you mean you want code that, given ##m## and ##n##, returns the expanded product? Or you want the multinomial coefficients?
  4. Apr 13, 2015 #3

    First, thank you for replying. I m interested to deriving the whole expanded formula not just the multinomial coefficient, since the latter can be straightforwardly returned via the corresponding mathematica command "multinomial"

    Is there a way to build an efficient code for multinomial expansion for the general case ?
  5. Apr 13, 2015 #4


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    Staff: Mentor

    I'm still not sure what you want. When you have such a question, it is good to explain clearly what the input to the function is, and what you want to get out.

    Is this what you are looking for?
    Code (Text):

    multi[m_, n_] := Expand[Sum[Subscript[x, i], {i, 1, m}]^n]
  6. Apr 13, 2015 #5
    The expand command does the job, but i want to further elaborate on the product terms (powered to the corresponding multinomial coefficients).

    In particular, i want to express the following general form: ∑^{L}_{p1,p2,...,pn=0 && p1+p2+...+pn=L} f(x)^{p1+p2+...+pn}. There is a code for a certain case (see bellow) but how can i generalize it ?

    x = 0; For[k1 = 0, k1 <= 2, k1++,
    For[k2 = 0, k2 <= 2, k2++,
    For[k3 = 0, k3 <= 2, k3++,
    If[k1 + k2 + k3 == 2,
    x = x + Multinomial[k1, k2, k3]*
    If[k1 == 2 && k2 == 2 && k3 == 2, Print[x]]]]]
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