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MatLab fplot help. Something may be wrong with my fplot?

  1. Mar 19, 2014 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    The problem was "Plot the following equation with MatLab, for values of x from -3 to 6.


    2. Relevant equations

    y = x^4 - 4x^3 - 6x^2 + 15

    3. The attempt at a solution

    I created a function.

    function r = graph(x)
    for i = 1:x
    r(i) = i^4 - 4*i^3 - 6*i^2 + 15;
    end


    Then I passed fplot(graph(10), [0 10000]) through the command prompt.

    It returned

    Error using fcnchk (line 107)
    FUN must be a function, a valid string expression,
    or an inline function object.

    Error in fplot (line 61)
    fun = fcnchk(fun);


    Any ideas on what this means?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 20, 2014 #2

    DrClaude

    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    Why does your function return a vector?

    Why are you plotting from 0 to 10000? (And there is a comma missing.)

    (Note: please use the CODE tags to delimit code.)
     
  4. Mar 20, 2014 #3
    I needed a vector to plot it, right?

    they were just the first two numbers I thought of.
     
  5. Mar 20, 2014 #4

    DrClaude

    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    Not if you are using "fplot". You need to define a function, and "fplot" will call it as needed to generate to plot.

    Alternatively, you can define a vector of x values, then build a vector of the corresponding y values, and use "plot" to plot it.

    Think a bit about what you did in the function. Given a value of x, you generate a vector that contains the values of ##y(x)## for ##x## the integers between 1 and x.

    I'll also give you some advice about coding polynomials. You should never write
    Code (Text):
    r(x) = a4*x^4 +a3*x^3 + a2*x^2 + a1*x + a0;
    as this can lead to a big rounding error (depending on the value of x and the coefficients of the polynomial). You should use instead
    Code (Text):
    r(x) = (((a4 * x + a3) * x + a2) * x  + a1) * x + a0;
    But the problem tells you what the range of the plot should be.
     
  6. Mar 20, 2014 #5
    I thought that meant to use a for loop to use each of those values. That's why I used for i = 1:10
     
  7. Mar 20, 2014 #6

    DrClaude

    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    That would have given you the values for ##x \in [1,10]##, not ##x \in [-3,6]## as the problem asks.
     
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