# Matrix representation of an operator in a new basis

## Homework Statement

Let Amn be a matrix representation of some operator A in the basis |φn> and let Unj be a unitary operator that changes the basis |φn> to a new basis |ψj>. I am asked to write down the matrix representation of A in the new basis.

## The Attempt at a Solution

Should I try to evaluate <m|UnjA|n>? Is that how this should be approached?
I know that Unjn>=|ψj>.

Orodruin
Staff Emeritus
Homework Helper
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No. The definition of the matrix elements in the new basis is: Aij = <ψi| A |ψj>. This is what you have to evaluate.

I realise that, which is precisely why I asked whether I should evaluate the effect Unj has on the basis elements, namely through evaluating <m|UnjA|n>. Or thus I presumed. Am I totally off?

Orodruin
Staff Emeritus
Homework Helper
Gold Member
Not totally, but a bit. What is |ψj> and what is <ψi|? What happens when you insert these expressions into Aij = <ψi| A |ψj>?

Row and column vectors?
Aij are the elements of matrix A, I think.

Orodruin
Staff Emeritus
Homework Helper
Gold Member
I mean in terms of the original basis vectors. What happens when you insert this into what you want to compute?

I am not sure I understand what you mean by "inserting that into what I wish to compute". Please clarify.

Orodruin
Staff Emeritus