May we equate linear KE with rotational KE?

• lizzyb
In summary: K_f = \frac{1}{2} I_f \omega^2In summary, the question is about a projectile hitting a rod; I need to find how much KE is lost. Using K_f = \frac{1}{2} I_f \omega_f^2 I came up with 162.253; using K_i = \frac{1}{2} m v^2 (m being the mass of the projectile), I came up with 16.9785; Is the answer K_f - K_i in this form?Yes, but it looks to me like you gained a buttload of free energy.
lizzyb
The question is about a projectile hitting a rod; I need to find how much KE is lost.

Using $$K_f = \frac{1}{2} I_f \omega_f^2$$ I came up with 162.253; using $$K_i = \frac{1}{2} m v^2$$ (m being the mass of the projectile), I came up with 16.9785; Is the answer $$K_f - K_i$$ in this form?

Yes, but it looks to me like you gained a buttload of free energy. Does the projectile stop moving after it makes contact?

Yes, total kinetic energy is conserved in an elastic collision.

The projectile sticks to the end of the stationary rod. [Edited] It seems like KE was gained.

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lizzyb said:
The projectile sticks to the end of the stationary rod. [Edited] It seems like KE was gained.

In that case, it's a plastic collision, and all kinetic energy turns into rotational kinetic energy, since the projectile and the rod rotate together around some point. If we assume that there is no deformation, then it's an ideal plastic collision, and no energy is lost.

Edit: after seeing what Doc Al wrote and consulting my dynamics textbook, I concluded not to write nonsence. Kinetic energy is not conserved.

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State the full problem. You'll need to use conservation of momentum to find the final speed (translational and rotational) of the "stick + projectile" system. (Kinetic energy is not conserved.)

But then $$K_i = K_f$$ yes? Yet they are different values.

Please state the problem fully. (If a projectile hits a rod and sticks to it, that's an inelastic collision--kinetic energy is not conserved.)

A projectile of mass m moves to the right with speed v. The projectile strikes and sticks to the end of a stationary rod of mass M and length d that is pivoted about a frictionless axle through the center.

How much KE is lost in the collision relative to the initial KE?

I have $$I_f = \frac{M d^2}{12} + m(\frac{1}{2} d)^2 = \frac{d^2}{12}(M + 3m)$$

and I found the $$\omega_f$$ of the system correctly:

$$\omega_f = \frac{6 m v}{(M + 3m)d}$$

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The initial KE is pure translational KE of the projectile; the final KE is pure rotational KE of the "stick + projectile" system. (Angular momentum is conserved.)

so $$K_i$$ is translational KE, $$K_f$$ is rotational KE; how do I put these into similar units so I can find out how much KE was lost?

ok, sorry for jumping ahead, we have $$K_i = \frac{1}{2} m v^2$$ but $$\omega = \frac{v_f}{r}$$, thus $$K_i - K_f = \frac{1}{2} m v^2 - \frac{d^2}{24}(M + 3m)(\frac{v_f}{r})^2$$. ??

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Even if change $$\omega[\tex] into [tex]v[\tex], the KE goes up as where the question implies that KE is lost. [tex]K_i = \frac{1}{2} m v^2$$

$$K_f = \frac{1}{2} I_f \omega^2$$

For $$K_f$$ I end up with a greater KE than $$K_i$$ yet the question states "How much kinetic energy is lost in the collision relative to the initial kinetic energy"

I don't see how you are getting a final energy greater than the initial. You have the correct values for angular speed and rotational inertia, so just plug them into the expression for rotational KE. Unless you're making an algebraic error, your final KE will be less than the initial. (If you're still stuck, show your work and we'll take a look.)

A projectile with m = 1.47 kg moves tothe right with speed v=23.1 m/s. The projectile strikes and sticks to the end of a stationary rod of mass M = 6.25 kg and length d = 1.82 m that is pivoted about a frictionless axle through it's center.

$$K_i = \frac{1}{2} m v^2 = \frac{1}{2} 1.47 (23.1)^2 = 392.203$$
$$K_f = \frac{1}{2} I \omega^2 = \frac{1}{2} \frac{d^2}{12}(M + 3m) (\frac{6 m v}{(M + 3m) d})^2 = 162.253$$

[edit:]oh my goodness! i was not squaring the velocity of the projectile! that makes all the difference. thank you everyone for your patience.

Don't plug in numbers until the last second. First simplify that expression for final KE.

1. What is linear kinetic energy?

Linear kinetic energy, also known as translational kinetic energy, is the energy possessed by an object due to its motion in a straight line.

2. What is rotational kinetic energy?

Rotational kinetic energy is the energy possessed by an object due to its rotation around an axis.

3. Can linear kinetic energy be equated with rotational kinetic energy?

Yes, under certain conditions, linear kinetic energy can be equated with rotational kinetic energy.

4. What are the conditions for equating linear and rotational kinetic energy?

The conditions for equating linear and rotational kinetic energy are: the object must be a rigid body, the axis of rotation must be fixed, and the object must be moving in a circular or rotational motion.

5. Why is it important to equate linear and rotational kinetic energy?

Equating linear and rotational kinetic energy allows us to understand the total energy of a rotating object and how it relates to its linear motion. This can be useful in various fields, such as engineering and physics, for understanding and analyzing the behavior of rotating objects.

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