In a molecular orbital diagram that shows the bonding of two electrons (like a diatomic molecule), there are sigma and pi bonds, and the sigma and pi antibonds. Here is an example: http://www.westga.edu/~chem/courses/chem410/410_09/sld024.htm I don't understand how to determine where to put the pi and sigma orbitals on the diagram. The order of the different molecular orbitals (the bonding pi and sigma orbitals) are different for different atoms and elements. Is there any way to know the their order other than memorizing them without making sense of them? Thanks in advance.