I was trying to explain the origin of spin-orbit coupling to a beginning student and I used the following naive analogy:(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});

An electron orbiting around the nucleus "sees" the nucleus rotating about itself (the electron) in its own (electron's) reference frame, thus this is like a current loop about the electron and this "current loop" causes an effective magnetic field from the electron's perspective.

I kind of can see why this is not exactly correct (because of the classical references it makes), but could this at least be an intuitive view of understanding it?

I know spin-orbit coupling can be rigorously derived from relativistic QM (Dirac eq.) but I usually use the Schrodinger equation with a few higher order perturbative terms such as Rashba and Dresselhaus couplings...

It's been a while since I looked at special relativity so I might be making a serious conceptual error in my simple analogy, any ideas?

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# Naive picture of understanding Spin-Orbit Coupling

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