hello, ok here is the situation, I wanted use R to plot a PC scores using a group variable (which is an external variable) as the plotting score. the command for printing the PC scores is prin$x. Below is some steps I've took so far: > library(MASS) //loading the library called MASS > island.df=read.csv(file.choose(),header=T) //feeding in the data file I want to do analyze on > log.island.df=log((island.df[,4:10])+1) //log transform my data, because it was skewed > x=island.df //rename my data into x, for easier used future > prin=princomp(x[,4:10]) > scores=(x~as.factor(group)) //factorize the group variable as the plotting symbol, IS THIS HOW I DO IT? Is there other ways? > prin$scores[,1:2] //I just want to print the first 2 components. IS this right? did I do something wrong? because I got no clue how the printout should looks like, so I don't know have I done it right or not!