Oscillations - A puzzling demonstration

  • Thread starter Elixer
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  • #1
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Main Question or Discussion Point

I watched MIT OCW PHYSICS 8.01 lectures, and in lecture no.13, i saw a puzzling demonstration. Link :http://ocw.mit.edu/OcwWeb/Physics/8-01Physics-IFall1999/VideoLectures/detail/embed13.htm" [Broken]

I don't understand, what can be the reason for the oscillations of ball on the track with the smaller radius to have a larger time period than the oscillations of the red object on the larger track? :confused:Please explain.

Thank you.
Elixer
 
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Answers and Replies

  • #2
alxm
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Cute.

Well, to repeat the question that was asked, but in a more leading way:
How is a ball on a curved track not like a pendulum?
 
  • #3
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I think the answer lies somewhere in the fact that the metal ball rolling on a track is actually in contact with the track, but I'd have to think it through some more. This is a very cool demonstration though.
 
  • #4
Integral
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What are the balls doing on the track that is different from a pendulum?

Edit: I have now actually watched the demo, I'll rephrase my question.

What is the ball doing on the track that the air car is not?
 
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  • #5
sophiecentaur
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Good lecture - great little demo.
I wonder how many of the students came up with the answer "in the shower".
 
  • #6
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Aha! I feel foolish now :frown:. The answer is because the ball is rolling and has an additional angular momentum, while the air car has zero angular momentum. I should have caught that right away, but i was sort of right in the sense that the ball rolls because it's in contact with the track.
 
  • #7
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So the ball has an angular momentum as well.
But , consider the following

The ball on the circular track has an angular velocity
w = squareroot(g/R)[where R = radius of circular path ,g = acceleration due to earth's gravity]
So, as the radius of the path the ball travels decreases, w should increase hence time period should decrease, why did T increase?
 
  • #8
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T increased because the ball has an additional angular momentum, and thus less linear momentum than if the ball had slid down the track without rolling.
 

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