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Our picks for third quarter 2013 MIP (most important QG paper)

  1. Astrophysical constraints on Planck scale dissipative phenomena

    0 vote(s)
    0.0%
  2. Renormalization group flow of Hořava-Lifshitz gravity at low energies

    10.0%
  3. Observational issues in loop quantum cosmology

    10.0%
  4. Quantum-Reduced Loop-Gravity: Relation with the Full Theory

    20.0%
  5. Statistics, holography, and black hole entropy in loop quantum gravity

    40.0%
  6. Coupling and thermal equilibrium in general-covariant systems

    20.0%
  7. Phenomenology of Space-time Imperfection I: Nonlocal Defects

    0 vote(s)
    0.0%
  8. Phenomenology of Space-time Imperfection II: Local Defects

    10.0%
  9. The Echo of the Quantum Bounce

    20.0%
  10. Covariant Loop Quantum Gravity, Low Energy Perturbation Theory, and Einstein Gravity

    0 vote(s)
    0.0%
  11. Purely geometric path integral for spin foams

    20.0%
  12. The Fundamental Group of a Spatial Section Represented by a Topspin Network

    0 vote(s)
    0.0%
  13. Energetic Causal Sets

    10.0%
  14. Anisotropic Spinfoam Cosmology

    10.0%
  15. Spinning geometry = Twisted geometry

    20.0%
  16. Linking covariant and canonical LQG II: Spin foam projector

    10.0%
  17. De Sitter Universe from Causal Dynamical Triangulations without Preferred Foliation

    10.0%
  18. Anomaly-free perturbations with inverse-volume and holonomy corrections in Loop Quantum Cosmology

    10.0%
  19. Black hole entropy from loop quantum gravity in higher dimensions

    20.0%
  20. Maximal acceleration in covariant loop gravity and singularity resolution

    30.0%
Multiple votes are allowed.
  1. Oct 1, 2013 #1

    marcus

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    Gold Member
    Dearly Missed

    Of the twenty candidates, please choose the one(s) you think will prove most significant for future research in Loop-and-allied quantum gravity. Since the poll is multiple choice, it's possible to vote for several papers. Abstract summaries follow in the next post.

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.7296
    Astrophysical constraints on Planck scale dissipative phenomena
    Stefano Liberati (SISSA and INFN, Trieste), Luca Maccione (LMU and MPP, Munich)

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.7273
    Renormalization group flow of Hořava-Lifshitz gravity at low energies
    Adriano Contillo, Stefan Rechenberger, Frank Saueressig

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.6896
    Observational issues in loop quantum cosmology
    A. Barrau, T. Cailleteau, J. Grain, J. Mielczarek
    Invited topical review for Classical and Quantum Gravity

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.6304
    Quantum-Reduced Loop-Gravity: Relation with the Full Theory
    Emanuele Alesci, Francesco Cianfrani, Carlo Rovelli

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.4563
    Statistics, holography, and black hole entropy in loop quantum gravity
    Amit Ghosh, Karim Noui, Alejandro Perez

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.0777
    Coupling and thermal equilibrium in general-covariant systems
    Goffredo Chirco, Hal M. Haggard, Carlo Rovelli

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.0311
    Phenomenology of Space-time Imperfection I: Nonlocal Defects
    Sabine Hossenfelder

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.0314
    Phenomenology of Space-time Imperfection II: Local Defects
    Sabine Hossenfelder

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.4348
    The Echo of the Quantum Bounce
    Luis J. Garay, Mercedes Martin-Benito, Eduardo Martin-Martinez

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.4063
    Covariant Loop Quantum Gravity, Low Energy Perturbation Theory, and Einstein Gravity
    Muxin Han

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.2946
    Purely geometric path integral for spin foams
    Atousa Shirazi, Jonathan Engle

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.2934
    The Fundamental Group of a Spatial Section Represented by a Topspin Network
    Christopher L Duston

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.2206
    Energetic Causal Sets
    Marina Cortês, Lee Smolin

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.0687
    Anisotropic Spinfoam Cosmology
    Julian Rennert, David Sloan

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.0040
    Spinning geometry = Twisted geometry
    Laurent Freidel, Jonathan Ziprick

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5885
    Linking covariant and canonical LQG II: Spin foam projector
    Thomas Thiemann, Antonia Zipfel

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5469
    De Sitter Universe from Causal Dynamical Triangulations without Preferred Foliation
    S. Jordan, R. Loll

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5238
    Anomaly-free perturbations with inverse-volume and holonomy corrections in Loop Quantum Cosmology
    Thomas Cailleteau, Linda Linsefors, Aurelien Barrau

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5029
    Black hole entropy from loop quantum gravity in higher dimensions
    Norbert Bodendorfer

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.3228
    Maximal acceleration in covariant loop gravity and singularity resolution
    Carlo Rovelli, Francesca Vidotto
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 1, 2013 #2

    marcus

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    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.7296
    Astrophysical constraints on Planck scale dissipative phenomena
    Stefano Liberati (SISSA and INFN, Trieste), Luca Maccione (LMU and MPP, Munich)
    (Submitted on 27 Sep 2013)
    The emergence of a classical spacetime from any quantum gravity model is still a subtle and only partially understood issue. If indeed space-time is arising as some sort of large scale condensate of more fundamental objects then it is natural to expect that matter, being a collective excitations of the spacetime constituents, will present modified kinematics at sufficiently high energies. We consider here the phenomenology of the dissipative effects necessarily arising in such a picture. Adopting dissipative hydrodynamics as a general framework for the description of the energy exchange between collective excitations and the spacetime fundamental degrees of freedom, we discuss how rates of decays for elementary particles can be derived from dispersion relations and used to provide strong constraints on the base of current astrophysical observations of high energy particles.
    5 pages, 1 figure

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.7273
    Renormalization group flow of Hořava-Lifshitz gravity at low energies
    Adriano Contillo, Stefan Rechenberger, Frank Saueressig
    (Submitted on 27 Sep 2013)
    The functional renormalization group equation for projectable Horava-Lifshitz gravity is used to derive the non-perturbative beta functions for the Newton's constant, cosmological constant and anisotropy parameter. The resulting coupled differential equations are studied in detail and exemplary RG trajectories are constructed numerically. The beta functions possess a non-Gaussian fixed point and a one-parameter family of Gaussian fixed points. One of the Gaussian fixed points corresponds to the Einstein-Hilbert action with vanishing cosmological constant and constitutes a saddle point with one IR-attractive direction. For RG trajectories dragged into this fixed point at low energies diffeomorphism invariance is restored. The emergence of general relativity from Horava-Lifshitz gravity can thus be understood as a crossover-phenomenon where the IR behavior of the theory is controlled by this Gaussian fixed point. In particular RG trajectories with a tiny positive cosmological constant also come with an anisotropy parameter which is compatible with experimental constraints, providing a mechanism for the approximate restoration of diffeomorphism invariance in the IR. The non-Gaussian fixed point is UV-attractive in all three coupling constants. Most likely, this fixed point is the imprint of Asymptotic Safety at the level of Horava-Lifshitz gravity.
    32 pages, 6 figures

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.6896
    Observational issues in loop quantum cosmology
    A. Barrau, T. Cailleteau, J. Grain, J. Mielczarek
    (Submitted on 26 Sep 2013)
    Quantum gravity is sometimes considered as a kind of metaphysical speculation. In this review, we show that, although still extremely difficult to reach, observational signatures can in fact be expected. The early universe is an invaluable laboratory to probe "Planck scale physics". Focusing on Loop Quantum Gravity as one of the best candidate for a non-perturbative and background-independant quantization of gravity, we detail some expected features.
    75 pages, invited topical review for Classical and Quantum Gravity

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.6304
    Quantum-Reduced Loop-Gravity: Relation with the Full Theory
    Emanuele Alesci, Francesco Cianfrani, Carlo Rovelli
    (Submitted on 24 Sep 2013)
    The quantum-reduced loop-gravity technique has been introduced for dealing with cosmological models. We show that it can be applied rather generically: anytime the spatial metric can be gauge-fixed to a diagonal form. The technique selects states based on reduced graphs with Livine-Speziale coherent intertwiners and could simplify the analysis of the dynamics in the full theory.
    5 pages

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.4563
    Statistics, holography, and black hole entropy in loop quantum gravity
    Amit Ghosh, Karim Noui, Alejandro Perez
    (Submitted on 18 Sep 2013)
    In loop quantum gravity the quantum states of a black hole horizon are produced by point-like discrete quantum geometry excitations (or punctures) labelled by spin j. The excitations possibly carry other internal degrees of freedom also, and the associated quantum states are eigenstates of the area A operator. On the other hand, the appropriately scaled area operator A/(8π ℓ) is also the physical Hamiltonian associated with the quasilocal stationary observers located at a small distance l from the horizon. Thus, the local energy is entirely accounted for by the geometric operator A.
    We assume that: In a suitable vacuum state with regular energy momentum tensor at and close to the horizon the local temperature measured by stationary observers is the Unruh temperature and the degeneracy of 'matter' states is exponential with the area exp(λ A/ ℓp2) -- this is supported by the well established results of QFT in curved spacetimes, which do not determine λ but asserts an exponential behaviour. The geometric excitations of the horizon (punctures) are indistinguishable. In the semiclassical limit the area of the black hole horizon is large in Planck units.
    It follows that: Up to quantum corrections, matter degrees of freedom saturate the holographic bound, viz. λ = 1/4. Up to quantum corrections, the statistical black hole entropy coincides with Bekenstein-Hawking entropy S= A/(4ℓp2) The number of horizon punctures goes like N ~ sqrt(A/ℓp2) , i.e the number of punctures N remains large in the semiclassical limit. Fluctuations of the horizon area are small while fluctuations of the area of an individual puncture are large. A precise notion of local conformal invariance of the thermal state is recovered in the A → ∞ limit where the near horizon geometry becomes Rindler.
    26 pages

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.0777
    Coupling and thermal equilibrium in general-covariant systems
    Goffredo Chirco, Hal M. Haggard, Carlo Rovelli
    (Submitted on 3 Sep 2013)
    A fully general-covariant formulation of statistical mechanics is still lacking. We take a step toward this theory by studying the meaning of statistical equilibrium for coupled, parametrized systems. We discuss how to couple parametrized systems. We express the thermalization hypothesis in a general-covariant context. This takes the form of vanishing of information flux. An interesting relation emerges between thermal equilibrium and gauge.
    8 pages, 3 figures

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.0311
    Phenomenology of Space-time Imperfection I: Nonlocal Defects
    Sabine Hossenfelder
    (Submitted on 2 Sep 2013)
    If space-time is emergent from a fundamentally non-geometric theory it will generically be left with defects. Such defects need not respect the locality that emerges with the background. Here, we develop a phenomenological model that parameterizes the effects of nonlocal defects on the propagation of particles. In this model, Lorentz-invariance is preserved on the average. We derive constraints on the density of defects from various experiments.
    25 pages, 7 figures

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.0314
    Phenomenology of Space-time Imperfection II: Local Defects
    Sabine Hossenfelder
    (Submitted on 2 Sep 2013)
    We propose a phenomenological model for the scattering of particles on space-time defects in a treatment that maintains Lorentz-invariance on the average. The local defects considered here cause a stochastic violation of momentum conservation. The scattering probability is parameterized in the density of defects and the distribution of the momentum that a particle can obtain when scattering on the defect. We identify the most promising observable consequences and derive constraints from existing data.
    18 pages, 5 figures

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.4348
    The Echo of the Quantum Bounce
    Luis J. Garay, Mercedes Martin-Benito, Eduardo Martin-Martinez
    (Submitted on 20 Aug 2013)
    We identify a signature of quantum gravitational effects that survives from the early universe to the current era: Fluctuations of quantum fields as seen by comoving observers are significantly influenced by the history of the early universe. In particular we will show how the existence (or not) of a quantum bounce leaves a trace in the background quantum noise that is not damped and would be non-negligible even nowadays. Furthermore, we will estimate an upper bound to the typical energy and length scales where quantum effects are relevant. We will discuss how this signature might be observed and therefore used to build falsifiability tests of quantum gravity theories.
    5 pages, 3 figures

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.4063
    Covariant Loop Quantum Gravity, Low Energy Perturbation Theory, and Einstein Gravity
    Muxin Han
    (Submitted on 19 Aug 2013)
    A low-energy perturbation theory is developed from the nonperturbative framework of covariant Loop Quantum Gravity (LQG) by employing the background field method. The resulting perturbation theory is a 2-parameter expansion in the semiclassical and low-energy regime. The two expansion parameters are the large spin and small curvature. The leading order effective action coincides with the Einstein-Hilbert action. The subleading corrections organized by the two expansion parameters give the modifications of Einstein gravity in quantum and high-energy regime from LQG. The result of the paper may be viewed as the first step toward understanding the UV completeness of LQG.
    5 pages, 1 figure

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.2946
    Purely geometric path integral for spin foams
    Atousa Chaharsough Shirazi, Jonathan Engle
    (Submitted on 13 Aug 2013)
    Spin-foams are a proposal for defining the dynamics of loop quantum gravity via path integral. In order for a path integral to be at least formally equivalent to the corresponding canonical quantization, at each point in the space of histories it is important that the integrand have not only the correct phase -- a topic of recent focus in spin-foams -- but also the correct modulus, usually referred to as the measure factor. The correct measure factor descends from the Liouville measure on the reduced phase space, and its calculation is a task of canonical analysis.
    The covariant formulation of gravity from which spin-foams are derived is the Plebanski-Holst formulation, in which the basic variables are a Lorentz connection and a Lorentz-algebra valued two-form, called the Plebanski two-form. However, in the final spin-foam sum, one sums over only spins and intertwiners, which label eigenstates of the Plebanski two-form alone. The spin-foam sum is therefore a discretized version of a Plebanski-Holst path integral in which only the Plebanski two-form appears, and in which the connection degrees of freedom have been integrated out. We call this a purely geometric Plebanski-Holst path integral.
    In prior work in which one of the authors was involved, the measure factor for the Plebanski-Holst path integral with both connection and two-form variables was calculated. Before one discretizes this measure and incorporates it into a spin-foam sum, however, one must integrate out the connection in order to obtain the purely geometric version of the path integral. To calculate this purely geometric path integral is the principal task of the present paper, and it is done in two independent ways. Gauge-fixing and the background independence of the resulting path integral are discussed in the appendices.
    21 pages

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.2934
    The Fundamental Group of a Spatial Section Represented by a Topspin Network
    Christopher L Duston
    (Submitted on 13 Aug 2013)
    We present an algorithm which determines the fundamental group of a spatial section using topspin networks. Tracking the topology of the spatial section is a unique feature of this approach, which is not possible in standard Loop Quantum Gravity. This leads to an example of spatial topology change in a smooth 4-manifold represented by a topspin foam.
    7 pages. Based on work presented at the LOOPS 13 conference at the Perimeter Institute

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.2206
    Energetic Causal Sets
    Marina Cortês, Lee Smolin
    (Submitted on 9 Aug 2013)
    We propose an approach to quantum theory based on the energetic causal sets, introduced in Cortês and Smolin (2013). Fundamental processes are causal sets whose events carry momentum and energy, which are transmitted along causal links and conserved at each event. Fundamentally there are amplitudes for such causal processes, but no space-time. An embedding of the causal processes in an emergent space-time arises only at the semiclassical level. Hence, fundamentally there are no commutation relations, no uncertainty principle and, indeed, no hbar. All that remains of quantum theory is the relationship between the absolute value squared of complex amplitudes and probabilities. Consequently, we find that neither locality, nor non locality, are primary concepts, only causality exists at the fundamental level.
    9 pages. Article companion to http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.6167

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.0687
    Anisotropic Spinfoam Cosmology
    Julian Rennert, David Sloan
    (Submitted on 3 Aug 2013)
    The dynamics of a homogeneous, anisotropic universe are investigated within the context of spinfoam cosmology. Transition amplitudes are calculated for a graph consisting of a single node and three links - the `Daisy graph' - probing the behaviour a classical Bianchi I spacetime. It is shown further how the use of such single node graphs gives rise to a simplification of states such that all orders in the spin expansion can be calculated, indicating that it is the vertex expansion that contains information about quantum dynamics.
    28 pages, 1 figure

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.0040
    Spinning geometry = Twisted geometry
    Laurent Freidel, Jonathan Ziprick
    (Submitted on 31 Jul 2013)
    It is well known that the SU(2)-gauge invariant phase space of loop gravity can be represented in terms of twisted geometries. These are piecewise-linear-flat geometries obtained by gluing together polyhedra, but the resulting geometries are not continuous across the faces. Here we show that this phase space can also be represented by continuous, piecewise-flat three-geometries called spinning geometries. These are composed of metric-flat three-cells glued together consistently. The geometry of each cell and the manner in which they are glued is compatible with the choice of fluxes and holonomies.
    We first remark that the fluxes provide each edge with an angular momentum. By studying the piecewise-flat geometries which minimize edge lengths, we show that these angular momenta can be literally interpreted as the spin of the edges: the geometries of all edges are necessarily helices. We also show that the compatibility of the gluing maps with the holonomy data results in the same conclusion. This shows that a spinning geometry represents a way to glue together the three-cells of a twisted geometry to form a continuous geometry which represents a point in the loop gravity phase space.
    20 pages, 5 figures

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5885
    Linking covariant and canonical LQG II: Spin foam projector
    Thomas Thiemann, Antonia Zipfel
    (Submitted on 22 Jul 2013)
    In a seminal paper, Kaminski, Kisielowski an Lewandowski for the first time extended the definition of spin foam models to arbitrary boundary graphs. This is a prerequisite in order to make contact to the canonical formulation of Loop Quantum Gravity (LQG) and allows to investigate the question whether any of the presently considered spin foam models yield a rigging map for any of the presently defined Hamiltonian constraint operators. The KKL extension cannot be described in terms of Group Field Theory (GFT) since arbitrary foams are involved while GFT is tied to simplicial complexes. Therefore one has to define the sum over spin foams with given boundary spin networks in an independent fashion using natural axioms, most importantly a gluing property for 2-complexes. These axioms are motivated by the requirement that spin foam amplitudes should define a rigging map (physical inner product) induced by the Hamiltonian constraint. This is achieved by constructing a spin foam operator based on abstract 2-complexes that acts on the kinematical Hilbert space of Loop Quantum Gravity. In the analysis of the resulting object we are able to identify an elementary spin foam transfer matrix that allows to generate any finite foam as a finite power of the transfer matrix. It transpires that the sum over spin foams, as written, does not define a projector on the physical Hilbert space. This statement is independent of the concrete spin foam model and Hamiltonian constraint. However, the transfer matrix potentially contains the necessary ingredient in order to construct a proper rigging map in terms of a modified transfer matrix.
    62 pages, 14 figures

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5469
    De Sitter Universe from Causal Dynamical Triangulations without Preferred Foliation
    S. Jordan, R. Loll
    (Submitted on 20 Jul 2013)
    We present a detailed analysis of a recently introduced version of Causal Dynamical Triangulations (CDT) that does not rely on a distinguished time slicing. Focussing on the case of 2+1 spacetime dimensions, we analyze its geometric and causal properties, present details of the numerical set-up and explain how to extract "volume profiles". Extensive Monte Carlo measurements of the system show the emergence of a de Sitter universe on large scales from the underlying quantum ensemble, similar to what was observed previously in standard CDT quantum gravity. This provides evidence that the distinguished time slicing of the latter is not an essential part of its kinematical set-up.
    44 pages, 29 figures

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5238
    Anomaly-free perturbations with inverse-volume and holonomy corrections in Loop Quantum Cosmology
    Thomas Cailleteau, Linda Linsefors, Aurelien Barrau
    (Submitted on 19 Jul 2013)
    This article addresses the issue of the closure of the algebra of constraints for generic (cosmological) perturbations when taking into account simultaneously the two main corrections of effective loop quantum cosmology, namely the holonomy and the inverse-volume terms. Previous works on either the holonomy or the inverse volume case are reviewed and generalized. In the inverse-volume case, we point out new possibilities. An anomaly-free solution including both corrections is found for perturbations, and the corresponding equations of motion are derived.
    19 pages.

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5029
    Black hole entropy from loop quantum gravity in higher dimensions
    Norbert Bodendorfer
    (Submitted on 18 Jul 2013)
    We propose a derivation for computing black hole entropy for spherical non-rotating isolated horizons from loop quantum gravity in four and higher dimensions. The state counting problem effectively reduces to the well studied 3+1-dimensional one based on an SU(2)-Chern-Simons theory, differing only in the precise form of the area spectrum and the restriction to integer spins.
    5 pages

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.3228
    Maximal acceleration in covariant loop gravity and singularity resolution
    Carlo Rovelli, Francesca Vidotto
    (Submitted on 11 Jul 2013)
    A simple argument indicates that covariant loop gravity (spinfoam theory) predicts a maximal acceleration, and hence forbids the development of curvature singularities. This supports the results obtained for cosmology and black holes using canonical methods.
    4 pages, 1 figure
     
  4. Oct 2, 2013 #3

    marcus

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    I'm glad you spoke up for Norbert Bodendorfer's black hole entropy paper! It helped to keep it on this quarter's poll. He just gave an online seminar talk on this topic, yesterday:

    http://relativity.phys.lsu.edu/ilqgs/
    slides: http://relativity.phys.lsu.edu/ilqgs/bodendorfer100113.pdf
    audio: http://relativity.phys.lsu.edu/ilqgs/bodendorfer100113.wav

    I listened to the whole hour talk (but skipped most of the questions at the end) and was well impressed. It's remarkable what can be learned by taking a result that works already in 3+1 dimensions and finding out the right way to generalize it to higher dimensions.

    If I remember right, Lee Smolin interrupted around minute 14:00 and slide #10 with positive comment and several questions showing considerable interest. Abhay Ashtekar contributed a series of questions starting around minute 25:00.
     
  5. Oct 4, 2013 #4

    marcus

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    Thanks to Atyy, Chronos, Demystifier, Jason, and Skydive for getting the poll off to a good start! It's interesting to see how spread out the votes are this time. Six of us have responded so far (indicating our assessment of relative value of the last quarter's research and expectation as to it's importance for future progress) and almost nobody voted for the same paper as anybody else! That happened in only two cases.

    The two leaders at this point are ones that I personally did NOT vote for, so the poll makes me stop and think---maybe I'll learn something (I always do learn from these polls.)

    Demystifier made a very interesting choice.

    Too early to draw any conclusion about the research areas/directions that currently stand out. Anyway, thanks all for taking part!
     
  6. Oct 5, 2013 #5

    marcus

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    Hello Deluks, glad you registered your assessment of the quarter's papers!
    It's early to be counting but I'll make a preliminary tally--it interested me to see that the current leader and first runner-up listed here are ones I did not include in my own personal choice. So far 7 of us have responded.

    3 votes:
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.3228
    Maximal acceleration in covariant loop gravity and singularity resolution
    Carlo Rovelli, Francesca Vidotto

    2 votes:
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.4563
    Statistics, holography, and black hole entropy in loop quantum gravity
    Amit Ghosh, Karim Noui, Alejandro Perez

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.2946
    Purely geometric path integral for spin foams
    Atousa Shirazi, Jonathan Engle

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.0040
    Spinning geometry = Twisted geometry
    Laurent Freidel, Jonathan Ziprick

    1 vote:
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.7273
    Renormalization group flow of Hořava-Lifshitz gravity at low energies
    Adriano Contillo, Stefan Rechenberger, Frank Saueressig

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.6896
    Observational issues in loop quantum cosmology
    A. Barrau, T. Cailleteau, J. Grain, J. Mielczarek
    Invited topical review for Classical and Quantum Gravity

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.6304
    Quantum-Reduced Loop-Gravity: Relation with the Full Theory
    Emanuele Alesci, Francesco Cianfrani, Carlo Rovelli

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.0777
    Coupling and thermal equilibrium in general-covariant systems
    Goffredo Chirco, Hal M. Haggard, Carlo Rovelli

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.0314
    Phenomenology of Space-time Imperfection II: Local Defects
    Sabine Hossenfelder

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.4348
    The Echo of the Quantum Bounce
    Luis J. Garay, Mercedes Martin-Benito, Eduardo Martin-Martinez

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.2206
    Energetic Causal Sets
    Marina Cortês, Lee Smolin

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5469
    De Sitter Universe from Causal Dynamical Triangulations without Preferred Foliation
    S. Jordan, R. Loll

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5238
    Anomaly-free perturbations with inverse-volume and holonomy corrections in Loop Quantum Cosmology
    Thomas Cailleteau, Linda Linsefors, Aurelien Barrau

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5029
    Black hole entropy from loop quantum gravity in higher dimensions
    Norbert Bodendorfer
     
  7. Oct 6, 2013 #6

    marcus

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    It might be interesting to note that current lead paper (the result that in Loop gravity acceleration of anything cannot be greater than a certain maximum acceleration, found by Rovelli and Vidotto) already has SIX CITATIONS by other authors in other research papers.
    The way you can find that is to click on the arxiv.org link http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.3228
    and over on the right you see a link for INSPIRE-HEP which if you click you get the entry for that paper in the INSPIRE (Stanford-SLAC) database http://inspirehep.net/search?p=find+eprint+1307.3228
    and that tells you about the cites so far, of that paper.

    The paper only came out in July, so there hasn't been much time yet for other researchers to assimilate and build on the result--at this point six (none of them self-citations) looks pretty good.

    I have to say that proving that acceleration can't go about a certain maximum (because of the earlier result that area is quantized in Lqg) is interesting. On the poll the three people who recognized the particular interest of that paper were Demystifier, Chronos, and Deluks. To their credit--I didn't see it as so important at first.
     
  8. Oct 8, 2013 #7

    marcus

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    So far 8 of us have voted. I'll make new tally:

    3 votes:
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.4563
    Statistics, holography, and black hole entropy in loop quantum gravity
    Amit Ghosh, Karim Noui, Alejandro Perez

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.3228
    Maximal acceleration in covariant loop gravity and singularity resolution
    Carlo Rovelli, Francesca Vidotto

    2 votes:
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.4348
    The Echo of the Quantum Bounce
    Luis J. Garay, Mercedes Martin-Benito, Eduardo Martin-Martinez

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.2946
    Purely geometric path integral for spin foams
    Atousa Shirazi, Jonathan Engle

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.0040
    Spinning geometry = Twisted geometry
    Laurent Freidel, Jonathan Ziprick

    1 vote:
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.7273
    Renormalization group flow of Hořava-Lifshitz gravity at low energies
    Adriano Contillo, Stefan Rechenberger, Frank Saueressig

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.6896
    Observational issues in loop quantum cosmology
    A. Barrau, T. Cailleteau, J. Grain, J. Mielczarek
    Invited topical review for Classical and Quantum Gravity

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.6304
    Quantum-Reduced Loop-Gravity: Relation with the Full Theory
    Emanuele Alesci, Francesco Cianfrani, Carlo Rovelli

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.0777
    Coupling and thermal equilibrium in general-covariant systems
    Goffredo Chirco, Hal M. Haggard, Carlo Rovelli

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.0314
    Phenomenology of Space-time Imperfection II: Local Defects
    Sabine Hossenfelder

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.2206
    Energetic Causal Sets
    Marina Cortês, Lee Smolin

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.0687
    Anisotropic Spinfoam Cosmology
    Julian Rennert, David Sloan

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5469
    De Sitter Universe from Causal Dynamical Triangulations without Preferred Foliation
    S. Jordan, R. Loll

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5238
    Anomaly-free perturbations with inverse-volume and holonomy corrections in Loop Quantum Cosmology
    Thomas Cailleteau, Linda Linsefors, Aurelien Barrau

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5029
    Black hole entropy from loop quantum gravity in higher dimensions
    Norbert Bodendorfer
     
    Last edited: Oct 8, 2013
  9. Oct 17, 2013 #8

    marcus

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    It has become the custom to use the tail of each quarter's MIP poll thread to round up candidates for the next quarter's poll. So far there is one absolutely outstanding 4th quarter paper: Etera Livine's on COARSE-GRAINING SPINOR NETWORKS. I'm very excited by the new ideas in this paper.

    It gives a way that portions of a spin(or) network representing a region inaccessible to the observer can be condensed down into a single vertex with self-loops.

    This captures the information the observer could obtain by passing a signal through the region and seeing how it comes out on the other side. Picture a vertex with self-loops as a kind of daisy-petal diagram.

    From there one can trace over the self-loops and reduce the vertex to an intertwiner containing the residual information after coarse-graining.

    And given a spin(or) network Livine discusses the REVERSE process of constructing the various possible refinements (networks with more nodes) which reduce down to the given one by the coarse-graining method under study.

    So this a really interesting development.
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1310.3362
    Deformation Operators of Spin Networks and Coarse-Graining
    Etera R. Livine
    (Submitted on 12 Oct 2013)
    24 pages.

    Something I didn't mention is that suppose we have a given spin(or) network representing geometric quantities relevant to that observer, measurements of lengths areas angles etc, quantities that concern him---the self-loops enter into that network by creation and annihilation operators: they are a Fock space!

    So perturbations of the spin(or) network geometry witnessed by the observer arise as geometric analogs of particle modes. Quantum geometry is really "particle-ized" in Livine's picture. It's intriguing :biggrin:
     
  10. Oct 30, 2013 #9

    MTd2

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    My pick for the 4th quarter:

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1310.7786

    Group field theory as the 2nd quantization of Loop Quantum Gravity

    Daniele Oriti
    (Submitted on 29 Oct 2013)
    We construct a 2nd quantized reformulation of canonical Loop Quantum Gravity at both kinematical and dynamical level, in terms of a Fock space of spin networks, and show in full generality that it leads directly to the Group Field Theory formalism. In particular, we show the correspondence between canonical LQG dynamics and GFT dynamics leading to a specific GFT model from any definition of quantum canonical dynamics of spin networks. We exemplify the correspondence of dynamics in the specific example of 3d quantum gravity. The correspondence between canonical LQG and covariant spin foam models is obtained via the GFT definition of the latter.
     
  11. Oct 31, 2013 #10

    marcus

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    Thanks to Atyy, Chronos, Deluks, Demystifier, Devils, Jason, Nonlinear, Rubi, and Skydive! Ten of us have made our choices, so far. Let's see how things stack up.


    4 votes:
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.4563
    Statistics, holography, and black hole entropy in loop quantum gravity
    Amit Ghosh, Karim Noui, Alejandro Perez

    3 votes:
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.3228
    Maximal acceleration in covariant loop gravity and singularity resolution
    Carlo Rovelli, Francesca Vidotto

    2 votes:
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.6304
    Quantum-Reduced Loop-Gravity: Relation with the Full Theory
    Emanuele Alesci, Francesco Cianfrani, Carlo Rovelli

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.0777
    Coupling and thermal equilibrium in general-covariant systems
    Goffredo Chirco, Hal M. Haggard, Carlo Rovelli

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.4348
    The Echo of the Quantum Bounce
    Luis J. Garay, Mercedes Martin-Benito, Eduardo Martin-Martinez

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.2946
    Purely geometric path integral for spin foams
    Atousa Shirazi, Jonathan Engle

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.0040
    Spinning geometry = Twisted geometry
    Laurent Freidel, Jonathan Ziprick

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5029
    Black hole entropy from loop quantum gravity in higher dimensions
    Norbert Bodendorfer

    1 vote:
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.7273
    Renormalization group flow of Hořava-Lifshitz gravity at low energies
    Adriano Contillo, Stefan Rechenberger, Frank Saueressig

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.6896
    Observational issues in loop quantum cosmology
    A. Barrau, T. Cailleteau, J. Grain, J. Mielczarek
    Invited topical review for Classical and Quantum Gravity

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.0314
    Phenomenology of Space-time Imperfection II: Local Defects
    Sabine Hossenfelder

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.2206
    Energetic Causal Sets
    Marina Cortês, Lee Smolin

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.0687
    Anisotropic Spinfoam Cosmology
    Julian Rennert, David Sloan

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5469
    De Sitter Universe from Causal Dynamical Triangulations without Preferred Foliation
    S. Jordan, R. Loll

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5238
    Anomaly-free perturbations with inverse-volume and holonomy corrections in Loop Quantum Cosmology
    Thomas Cailleteau, Linda Linsefors, Aurelien Barrau
     
    Last edited: Oct 31, 2013
  12. Nov 3, 2013 #11

    marcus

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    MTd2 also just spotted these new entries at arxiv and added them to the bibliography thread. I think they might be candidates for inclusion in the 4th quarter poll:

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1311.0186
    Twistor relative locality
    Lee Smolin
    (Submitted on 1 Nov 2013)
    We present a version of relative locality based on the geometry of twistor space. This can also be thought of as a new kind of deformation of twistor theory based on the construction of a bundle of twistor spaces over momentum space. Locality in space-time is emergent and is deformed in a precise way when a connection on that bundle is non-flat. This gives a precise and controlled meaning to Penrose's hypothesis that quantum gravity effects will deform twistor space in such a way as to maintain causality and relativistic invariance while weakening the notion that interactions take place at points in spacetime.
    10 pages

    http://arxiv.org/abs/1311.0054
    Relative information at the foundation of physics
    Carlo Rovelli
    (Submitted on 31 Oct 2013)
    Shannon's notion of relative information between two physical systems can function as foundation for statistical mechanics and quantum mechanics, without referring to subjectivism or idealism. It can also represent a key missing element in the foundation of the naturalistic picture of the world, providing the conceptual tool for dealing with its apparent limitations. I comment on the relation between these ideas and Democritus.
    3 pages
     
    Last edited: Nov 3, 2013
  13. Nov 3, 2013 #12
    Marcus, is there a list somewhere of which papers have topped previous polls?
     
  14. Nov 3, 2013 #13

    marcus

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    Not as far as I know, Mitchell. I'd be interested to see the result, if anyone wants to compile one. Hopefully it would contain not just the top but, say, the top three, for several past years.
     
  15. Nov 4, 2013 #14

    MTd2

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    Marcus, is there any proof of equivalence canonical LQG and covariant spin foams besides that paper from Oriti, above?
     
  16. Nov 4, 2013 #15

    marcus

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    You have a good point there! I am waiting to see what the response is. If Dan Oriti's result is confirmed it will surely be an important one.

    Also see this, from the first quarter 2013 MIP poll:
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1301.5859
    Hamiltonian spinfoam gravity
    Wolfgang M. Wieland
    (Submitted on 24 Jan 2013)
    This paper presents a Hamiltonian formulation of spinfoam-gravity, which leads to a straight-forward canonical quantisation. To begin with, we derive a continuum action adapted to the simplicial decomposition. The equations of motion admit a Hamiltonian formulation, allowing us to perform the constraint analysis. We do not find any secondary constraints, but only get restrictions on the Lagrange multipliers enforcing the reality conditions. This comes as a surprise. In the continuum theory, the reality conditions are preserved in time, only if the torsionless condition (a secondary constraint) holds true. Studying an additional conservation law for each spinfoam vertex, we discuss the issue of torsion and argue that spinfoam gravity may indeed miss an additional constraint. Next, we canonically quantise. Transition amplitudes match the EPRL (Engle--Pereira--Rovelli--Livine) model, the only difference being the additional torsional constraint affecting the vertex amplitude.
    28 pages, 2 figures

    And this, from the third quarter 2013:
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.2946
    Purely geometric path integral for spin foams
    Atousa Chaharsough Shirazi, Jonathan Engle
    (Submitted on 13 Aug 2013)
    Spin-foams are a proposal for defining the dynamics of loop quantum gravity via path integral. In order for a path integral to be at least formally equivalent to the corresponding canonical quantization, at each point in the space of histories it is important that the integrand have not only the correct phase -- a topic of recent focus in spin-foams -- but also the correct modulus, usually referred to as the measure factor. The correct measure factor descends from the Liouville measure on the reduced phase space, and its calculation is a task of canonical analysis.
    The covariant formulation of gravity from which spin-foams are derived is the Plebanski-Holst formulation, in which the basic variables are a Lorentz connection and a Lorentz-algebra valued two-form, called the Plebanski two-form. However, in the final spin-foam sum, one sums over only spins and intertwiners, which label eigenstates of the Plebanski two-form alone. The spin-foam sum is therefore a discretized version of a Plebanski-Holst path integral in which only the Plebanski two-form appears, and in which the connection degrees of freedom have been integrated out. We call this a purely geometric Plebanski-Holst path integral.
    In prior work in which one of the authors was involved, the measure factor for the Plebanski-Holst path integral with both connection and two-form variables was calculated. Before one discretizes this measure and incorporates it into a spin-foam sum, however, one must integrate out the connection in order to obtain the purely geometric version of the path integral. To calculate this purely geometric path integral is the principal task of the present paper, and it is done in two independent ways. Gauge-fixing and the background independence of the resulting path integral are discussed in the appendices.
    21 pages
     
  17. Nov 4, 2013 #16

    MTd2

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  18. Nov 12, 2013 #17

    marcus

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    Hi MTd2, I saw your post, and logged the Oriti paper when it came out. I'd like to see Tom Stoer's response to that one, and also to another I asked him about earlier, by Jon Engle and Atousa Shirazi, which he said he was planning to read as soon as he had time.
    But in my own view the Oriti is probably less important than it is in yours---just guessing. I got the impression parts of Oriti's treatment still have to be worked out. I'll wait and see on that one, watch for follow-up work.

    Here's what I think is a great paper by Percacci! It should definitely be on the 4th quarter MIP poll!
    http://arxiv.org/abs/1311.2898
    Matter matters in asymptotically safe quantum gravity
    Pietro Donà, Astrid Eichhorn, Roberto Percacci
    (Submitted on 12 Nov 2013)
    We investigate the compatibility of minimally coupled scalar, fermion and gauge fields with asymptotically safe quantum gravity, using nonperturbative functional Renormalization Group methods. We study d=4,5 and 6 dimensions and within certain approximations find that for a given number of gauge fields there is a maximal number of scalar and fermion degrees of freedom compatible with an interacting fixed point at positive Newton coupling. The bounds impose severe constraints on grand unification with fundamental Higgs scalars. Supersymmetry and universal extra dimensions are also generally disfavored. The standard model and its extensions accommodating right-handed neutrinos, the axion and dark-matter models with a single scalar are compatible with a fixed point.
    22 pages, 18 figures, 4 tables
     
  19. Nov 14, 2013 #18

    marcus

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    Here's another that should definitely be on the 4th quarter poll. John86 spotted it and added it to bibliography.

    http://lanl.arxiv.org/abs/1311.3135
    Planck-scale dimensional reduction without a preferred frame
    Giovanni Amelino-Camelia, Michele Arzano, Giulia Gubitosi, Joao Magueijo
    (Submitted on 13 Nov 2013)
    Several approaches to quantum gravity suggest that the standard description of spacetime as probed at low-energy, with four dimensions, is replaced in the Planckian regime by a spacetime with a spectral dimension of two. The implications for relativistic symmetries can be momentous, and indeed the most tangible picture for "running" of the spectral dimension, found within Horava-Lifschitz gravity, requires the breakdown of relativity of inertial frames. In this Letter we incorporate running spectral dimensions in a scenario that does not require the emergence of a preferred frame. We consider the best studied mechanism for deforming relativistic symmetries whilst preserving the relativity of inertial frames, based on a momentum space with curvature at the Planck scale. We show explicitly how running of the spectral dimension can be derived from these models.
    5 pages.

    There are indications from several QG approaches that spacetime dimensionality degenerates from four down to around two at small scale. Some of these (the usual version of CDT and Horava gravity) involve the emergence of a preferred frame, or a preferred foliation. In other cases you see indications of dimensionality reduction without losing relativity (Loop gravity, AsymSafe).
    This paper by Amelino-Camelia et al evidently belongs to the second group.
     
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