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I Pauli spin matrices and Eigen spinors

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  1. May 11, 2017 #1
    So I have been studying the case of spin 1/2 and I have understood how the formulations work through to find the spin matrices. However I do not get an intuitive understanding of what they mean and why they are formulated the way they are. I follow Griffith's book and in it as he begins to solve the case for spin 1/2, he writes a general state for it which he calls a spinor and writes this
    ##[a\,b]^T =aX_++bX_{-}##
    My first doubt is what does this general state mean? Isn't there only two states of spin, spin up and spin down?
    and to find the matrices of ##S^2## and ##S_z## he uses their eigenvector equation to find that but why is the same method not employed for finding the matrices for ##S_x## ##S_y## ? He gets their respective matrices using a sum of raising and lowering operators Also he ends up with an eigen spinor with a different value. So am pretty much confused with how they came to be.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. May 11, 2017 #2

    atyy

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    There are not only two states of spin. The up state and the down state together form just one possible set of basis vectors. An arbitrary state is a linear sum or superposition of the basis vectors.

    Spin is defined analogously to angular momentum http://farside.ph.utexas.edu/teaching/qmech/Quantum/node87.html
     
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