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Photoelectric Effect - Energy Level (hydrogen)

  • #1

Homework Statement


Consider a photon that is barely capable of causing a photoelectric effect when it strikes a sodium plate having a work function of 2.55eV.


Homework Equations


Find the minimum energy level n for a hydrogen atom that can be ionized by such a photon, and the speed of the released electron far from the nucleus.

Can someone explain to me what is this "ionize" term used in this question mean, because I don't know how to proceed?


The Attempt at a Solution


I'm thinking "ionize" here means "exciting the atom" and if that is so, Ef - Ei = 2.55eV.
Also I first found out the energy levels for hydrogen : -13.6eV, -3.4eV, -1.51eV, -0.85eV...

So I'm thinking that I need to find the correct pair of Ef - Ei that will give 2.55eV so that I can determine the minimum energy level n for the hydrogen atom.

Please correct me where I'm wrong.
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
993
13
'excite an atom'.............giving energy to an atom so that an electron makes a transition from one level to a higher level;

'ionise an atom'.............giving energy to an atom to REMOVE an electron from an atom;
 
  • #3
'excite an atom'.............giving energy to an atom so that an electron makes a transition from one level to a higher level;

'ionise an atom'.............giving energy to an atom to REMOVE an electron from an atom;
Yea, but even then, I'm still not sure how to approach this question. Any hint?
 
  • #4
993
13
... Find the minimum energy level n for a hydrogen atom that can be ionized by such a photon, and the speed of the released electron far from the nucleus....

...The attempt at a solution[/b]
... Ef - Ei = 2.55eV.
Also I first found out the energy levels for hydrogen : -13.6eV, -3.4eV, -1.51eV, -0.85eV...

So I'm thinking that I need to find the correct pair of Ef - Ei that will give 2.55eV so that I can determine the minimum energy level n for the hydrogen atom....
You are on the right track except that you need to consider (Ef - Ei) where Ef = 0eV.
That is you have to find the lowest energy level so that an electron from that energy level, once it gains the 2.55eV, is REMOVED from the atom. Any excess energy appears as KE of this electron.
 
Last edited:
  • #5
You are on the right track except that you need to consider (Ef - Ei) where Ef = 0eV.
That is you have to find the lowest energy level so that an electron from that energy level, once it gains the 2.55eV, is REMOVED from the atom. Any excess energy appears as KE of this electron.
Oh, so am I right to say that at the energy level, 0eV, the electron will be removed from the atom?

If this is so, then I understand it as that, the minimum energy level n in this case would be n=3.
 
  • #6
993
13
Oh, so am I right to say that at the energy level, 0eV, the electron will be removed from the atom?

If this is so, then I understand it as that, the minimum energy level n in this case would be n=3.
'Yes' to both quesions.
 
  • #7
'Yes' to both quesions.
Thank you so much for the explanations! :smile:
 

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