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Potential/Kinetic Energy Problem

  1. Nov 18, 2009 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A .2kg bouncy ball loses some of its kinetic energy when it collides with
    the ground. Assuming it only maintains 90% of its energy after each bounce, how
    high will it get for each of the first three bounces if it is initially launched
    vertically at 15 m/s.


    2. Relevant equations
    KE = 1/2 mv^2


    3. The attempt at a solution
    KE(.9) = 1/2(.2)(15)^2
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 19, 2009 #2
    The KE you have there is the initial energy. What happens to it after the first bounce? What do you know about Kinetic and Potential energies that you can use to find the first height?
     
  4. Nov 19, 2009 #3
    A) Find the first time and height of the ball after the projection upwards:

    compare energies to find height:
    mgh=mv^2/2 where: m cancelles out, v=15 and g =9.81, find h(height)

    Alternativelly:

    Find time for the ball to stop from:

    V(t)=Vot-at where: a=g, Vo=15, V(t)=0

    Having the time you can find the height it will reach:

    S=Vot-((at)^2)/2) where: Vo=15, t=time from up(^), a=g.

    Having the height use: Ep=mgh to find the potential energy of the ball.

    After one bounce the energy will be equal to 90% of the initial mgh value, after two bounces the energy will be mgh*(0.9)^2 and after three mgh*(0.9)^3.

    If anything needs to be explained more clearly, just post a reply.
     
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