There is a dice where probability of obtaining a number is proportional to the number itself. I have done these problems and the probabilties are 1/21, 2/21,/3/21,/4/21,/5/21 and 6/21 In a normal dice when you have to find probabilities of say, 2 and 4 we do it by favourable cases / total number of cases = 2/6 = 1/3 But you cant apply that method in this case - i know that but why? Probability of 2 or 4 in this case would be 2/21 + 4/21 = 6/21 but why cant we do this by favourable cases / total number of cases?