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Quantum Entanglement on two particles

  1. Nov 30, 2013 #1
    Hi.

    Imagine a system of two particles, A and B, where they are entangled.
    I've been studying a little bit of quantum entanglement and I understand how measurement of one property of a particle A leads us to find indirectly the value of that property to the particle B. My question is: if I act on one of the particles, let it be A, so that the particle changes in some way, will the particle B also suffer that same change? Or is quantum entanglement strictly related to measurements?

    Thanks.
    D.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 30, 2013 #2
    If a pair of photons are prepared with entangled polarization states entanglement persists as long as there is nothing in the way of either photon which disturbs the polarization state. Such a disturbance might be a collision of either of the photons with another particle or absorption by a measuring device.
     
  4. Nov 30, 2013 #3
    And is there anyway to send a message via morse code with a pair of entangled particles? Let's imagine we're dealing with two particles of symmetric spins separated by a large distance. If I manage to change the spin of one of the particles will the other one's spin also change?
     
  5. Nov 30, 2013 #4

    Nugatory

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    Staff: Mentor

    There is no way of sending a message.

    You measure the spin, you get a spin-up result, you know the other guy's measurement will yield the opposite result. But when he gets spin-down, for all he knows he's made the first measurement, you haven't made a measurement yet, and when you do you'll get spin-up. Likewise, when you get your spin-up result, you have no way of knowing whether he's sending you a message ("I just got a spin-down result") or whether you're making the first measurement.
     
  6. Nov 30, 2013 #5

    jtbell

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    Staff: Mentor

    And there's no way to control in advance whether you get spin-up or spin-down, and thereby originate a signal, any more than you could with a monkey pounding randomly at the key of a Morse-code telegraph machine.
     
  7. Dec 1, 2013 #6
    yes, the first measure is pure chance, 50/50 you'll get either one. But the entangled measurements ALWAYS correlates to the first measure....

    See the first two sections here for some introductory insights......and some of the controversies surrounding this phenomena:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantum_entanglement
     
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