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Homework Help: Radioactive decay question Ra to Rn

  1. Jun 20, 2010 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    Ra (mass number 226 atomic number 88) undergoes alpha decay to form radon. If the mass of a radium nucleus is 3.753152x10-25kg, the mass of the radon nucleus is 3.686602x10-25kg and the mass of the alpha particle is 6.646322x10-27kg, find the energy released in the alpha decay in MeV.

    If the ratio of the mass of the products of the decay is equal to the ratio of their mass numbers, find the kinetic energy of both products after the decay

    charge of electron=1.6x10-19C
    speed of light in a vacuum=3x108ms-1

    3. The attempt at a solution

    So for the first part I got .488MeV using the mass defect and E=mc2 (could well be wrong) but im stuck on the second part i dont understand what they are talking about ratios for?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jun 21, 2010 #2
    [tex]{Ra}_{88}^{226}\rightarrow{\alpha}_2^4+{Rn}_{86}^{222}[/tex]

    [tex]\text{energy released}=\frac{(3.753152\times{10}^{-25}-3.686601\times{10}^{-25}-6.646322\times{10}^{-27})(3\times{10}^8)^2}{1.6\times10^{-19}}=488MeV[/tex]


    [tex]KE=\frac{mv^2}{2}=\frac{m^{2}v^2}{2m}[/tex]

    [tex]\text{By conservation of linear momentum}, m_{\alpha}v_{\alpha}=m_{Rn}v_{Rn}[/tex]

    [tex]\therefore\ \ \ \ \ \frac{KE_{\alpha}}{KE_{Rn}}=\frac{m_{Rn}}{m_\alpha}=\frac{222}{4}[/tex]

    I think all the decay energy goes to KE. Then:


    [tex]KE_\alpha=488MeV\times\frac{222}{222+4}=479MeV\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ KE_{Rn}=9MeV[/tex]
     
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