Rotating pendulum hang from a wooden bar with a revolution speed of 0.15 rev/s.

  • Thread starter JLABBER
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  • #1
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Homework Statement



Part c: A pendulum is attached to a 0.15m wooden bar sticked horizontally to a table by a string of 0.12m. If the system is revolved with a revolution speed of 1.5 rev per second, what is the angle θ the pendulum make with respect to the vertical axis?


Homework Equations



Tsin θ =mrw^2
Tcos θ = mg
where r=0.15 +0.12 sin θ

The Attempt at a Solution



To identify my mistake at how to solve this question as I can't get the answer provided which is 85.7 degree using my original equation. Instead, i get a value of 209 degree which sounded so impossible to occur.

Thanks for help.

Homework Statement





Homework Equations





The Attempt at a Solution

 

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Answers and Replies

  • #2
ehild
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You are right, the solution you got is not possible. Show your derivation. The question can not be answered exactly, you need some numerical method. Check the validity of the solution given. I think it is also wrong.

ehild
 
  • #3
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Okay, i will check. Thanks a lot. I think the question is taken directly from a book by my lecturer. And the answer too. What do you mean by numerical method? Do you mean that my solution is right but not possible? And this question can be solved with a valid possible answer through that numerical method?
 
  • #4
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For my way of solving,
First i divide the first equation by the second equation and i get
tan theta=rw^2/g
Then, i substitute r= 0.15 + 0.12 sin theta into the new equation,
tan theta = (0.15 + 0.12 sin theta) (1.5 X 2pi) ,
After that, i try to rearrange and solve for the theta, but i have no way to get the answer because there is sin and tan simultaneously, i have no point of solving it. But, using a calculator, I key in the equations, and get an ans of -871 degree of the equation. Is my equation correct anyway?
 
  • #5
ehild
Homework Helper
15,543
1,909
For my way of solving,
First i divide the first equation by the second equation and i get
tan theta=rw^2/g
That is correct.

Then, i substitute r= 0.15 + 0.12 sin theta into the new equation,
tan theta = (0.15 + 0.12 sin theta) (1.5 X 2pi)2/g
You missed a square and dividing by g.

After that, i try to rearrange and solve for the theta, but i have no way to get the answer because there is sin and tan simultaneously, i have no point of solving it. But, using a calculator, I key in the equations, and get an ans of -871 degree of the equation. Is my equation correct anyway?
-871 degrees? ... That is almost three rounds clockwise:rofl:

Correct the last equation and substitute the given angle, than try 67 degrees.


ehild
 
  • #6
18
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Wow, exactly 67 degree can solve for the equation. But, how should i solve equation involving sin and tan simultaneously? I do not have a single idea of solving it. Should we first changing tan into sin/cos?
 
  • #7
ehild
Homework Helper
15,543
1,909
You can do it by iteration. Write the equation in form of

tan(θ ) = A(1+Bsin(θ ))

It will be

tan(θ ) = 1.3596(1+0.8sin(θ ))

for the given data.
Start with θ=0, and evaluate the right-hand side. You get tan(θ), find inverse tangent. This will be your θ for the next step. find the sine, evaluate the RHS , get arctan, and repeat till the result does not change within 3 digits. Try, it is fun:wink:

ehild
 
  • #8
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Okay, i will try. Such a new knowledge for me, thanks a lot.
 
  • #9
ehild
Homework Helper
15,543
1,909
You are welcome. The method of iteration is very useful, although it does not work always.

ehild
 
  • #10
18
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I see. Ya,One more question, for this method, does it apply only to equation when tan theta= A(1+sin theta)?
 
  • #11
ehild
Homework Helper
15,543
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It applies for other cases in form x=f(x), but the magnitude of the derivative of f has to be less than 1 (|f'|<1).
There are other methods to solve implicit equations numerically. It is always very useful to plot both sides and find the crosspoint graphically.

ehild
 

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