# What is Pendulum: Definition and 999 Discussions

A pendulum is a weight suspended from a pivot so that it can swing freely. When a pendulum is displaced sideways from its resting, equilibrium position, it is subject to a restoring force due to gravity that will accelerate it back toward the equilibrium position. When released, the restoring force acting on the pendulum's mass causes it to oscillate about the equilibrium position, swinging back and forth. The time for one complete cycle, a left swing and a right swing, is called the period. The period depends on the length of the pendulum and also to a slight degree on the amplitude, the width of the pendulum's swing.
From the first scientific investigations of the pendulum around 1602 by Galileo Galilei, the regular motion of pendulums was used for timekeeping, and was the world's most accurate timekeeping technology until the 1930s. The pendulum clock invented by Christiaan Huygens in 1658 became the world's standard timekeeper, used in homes and offices for 270 years, and achieved accuracy of about one second per year before it was superseded as a time standard by the quartz clock in the 1930s. Pendulums are also used in scientific instruments such as accelerometers and seismometers. Historically they were used as gravimeters to measure the acceleration of gravity in geo-physical surveys, and even as a standard of length. The word "pendulum" is new Latin, from the Latin pendulus, meaning 'hanging'.

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1. ### Foucault Pendulum at the North Pole

Consider a pendulum swinging at the North Pole in an inertial frame of reference xyz with the x and y axes in the plane tangent to the pole and the suspension placed at elevation z = l. There is no induction \mathbf{B} and in the chosen system the plane of oscillation xz of the pendulum is...

42. ### B Why is a simple pendulum not a perfect simple harmonic oscillator?

Khan Academy claims that a simple pendulum not a perfect simple harmonic oscillator. Why is it so?
43. ### B Magnetic pendulum and electric energy....

While reading about electromagnetism from the OpenStax books with my son (and doing some experiments), he asked this question. Suppose I hang a pendulum and make it oscillate inside a coil connected to a Galvanometer as shown in the schematic diagram: Hopefully the image is clear enough. His...
44. ### Forces that act on a physical pendulum

hello, i have a question about the forces that act on a rod at it's pivot point. the rod is free to rotate about the pivot point at the edge and it starts from rest parallel to the ground.the question is : when it reach to angle theta find the a] the angular velocity b] angular acceleration c]...
45. ### Solenoid pendulum frequency

The flux enclosed by the loop consisting of the solenoid, wires and conducting rod at an angle θ is Φ = blBsinθ, then using small angle approximations and differentiating the induced emf can be found. I know that there must be some torque opposing the motion but am unsure how to proceed.
46. ### Kinetic & Potential Energy of a Pendulum

When the pendulum is released, the Kinetic Energy should be 0. When the pendulum is at the bottom/hits the rod, it should have 0 potential energy. However, I don't quite understand what happens after it hits the rod.
47. ### B Pendulum Clock vs GR: Time Discrepancy

According to general relativity (GR) time runs faster in a weak gravity field relative to a stronger one, for example: clocks run faster at the top of a tall building than at ground level. According to the principle of equivalence the accelerating space elevator should be analogous to gravity -...
48. ### Free body diagram for an inverted pendulum in the rolling sphere

So, to obtain the motion equations I initially plotted the free-body diagram (see picture). Then I’ve tried to get equations, but I’m not sure, do I have done it rightl. I will be gratefull if someone could help me.
49. ### Uncertainty of pendulum period and pendulum length

I'm doing a lab report where I manually measure the time taken for a bifilar pendulum to do 10 oscillations. Is there a rule or a method that I should follow to calculate its uncertainty? Or is the uncertainty just an estimation of human reaction time and judgment? I also need to know the...
50. ### Need help with this unequal length bifilar pendulum

[Mentor Note -- Three threads on the same problem have been merged into this one] Hi, I'm doing a lab report on the relationship between the period of oscillations in an unequal length bifilar pendulum. The set up is like below Can anyone help me derive a formula for the period of oscillations...