# RP^2 vs CP: Comparing Stenographic Representations

• Icosahedron
In summary, RP^2 and CP are both projective spaces, but they have different stenographic representations. RP^2 is represented as a sphere with antipodal points identified, while CP is represented as a sphere cut in the middle with lines projected from the north and south poles. CP also has one additional point at infinity, while RP^2 has infinitely many points at infinity, one for each set of parallel lines. There is a 2:1 mapping between RP^2 and the Riemann sphere, and RP^2 is the universal cover with a homotopy group of Z/2Z. The links provided by the speaker do not work and they cannot be linked to files on a desktop computer.
Icosahedron
What is the relationship betwenn RP^2 and CP?

Espesicially, why are their stenographic representations different?

As far as I understand the stenographic representation for RP^2 goes like that:
a sphere with antipodal points identified is put above the R^2 plane, lines through the origin of the sphere cut the R^2 plane and project the sphere to the plane and so on.

Whereas, the stenographic representation for CP is: take a sphere, cut it in the middle with the R^2 plane and take lines starting from the north pole projecting from the sphere to the plane. And take lines starting from the south pole projecting from the sphere to the other side of the plane. Plus, transistion functions connecting these two mappings.

Last edited:
Why has CP one additional point at infinity whereas RP^2 has infiinitely many points at infinity, one for each set of parallel lines?

Look here and here.

Heeeellllloooooo!

Well, your links don't work, for one thing. Also I don't know what RP^2 and CP are, please elaborate.

CP stands for complex projective line which is identical to the Riemann sphere.

RP^2 is the real projective plane which comes in many disguises. One way I described in post 1.

My questions:- why are their stenographic constructions so differnt?
- why has CP one point at infinity whereas RP^2 has one point at
infinity for each set of parallel lines
- what is the connection between CP and RP^2

What is CP? It is

C^2\{(0,0)}/~

where ~ is the relation (u,v)~(tu,tv) where t is in C.
We can also identify it with the complex sphere, Cu{infinty}. As a Riemann surface it has two charts in the natural way of thinking about it. The two copies of C labelled V and U say have coordinates

[1;v] and [u;1]

Your 'point at infinity' is actually choosing a decomposition of CP as U u{(0,1)} with (0,1) the point at infinity.

Now, RP^2 has many descriptions, two two which are useful here are

R^3\{(0,0,0)}/~

where ~ is the relation (x,y,z)~(tx,ty,tz) where t is in R, it is a real manifold, with natural charts we'll call XY,XZ,YZ with coords

[x;y;1], [x;1;z] and [1;y;z] resp.

Your points at infinity now come from choosing XY as your affine open subset of interest and noting that the points in RP^2, and not in XY are of the form

[a;b;0]

where a,b are both not zero. We can identify [a;b;0] with the lines through the origin in R^2 - just map [a;b;0] to the line with slope a/b, where we understand that if b=0 we mean the a axis.

However RP^2 is also S^2 with antipodal points identified. The Riemann sphere is homeomorphic as a topological space, and indeed diffeomorphic as real manifolds (a complex n dim riemann surface is a real 2n dimensional manifold).

Thus there is a 2:1 mapping from RP^2 to S^2. In fact it is the universal cover, and the homotopy group of RP^2 is Z/2Z.

That enough? All I did was tell you what the definitions mean. Also, you can't link to files on your c drive of your desktop machine...

Last edited:

## 1. What is RP^2 vs CP?

RP^2 and CP are two different types of stenographic representations used in the field of mathematics. RP^2 stands for real projective plane, while CP stands for complex projective plane.

## 2. What is the difference between RP^2 and CP?

The main difference between RP^2 and CP lies in their underlying fields. RP^2 is based on real numbers, while CP is based on complex numbers. This means that RP^2 has three dimensions, while CP has four dimensions.

## 3. How are RP^2 and CP used in mathematics?

RP^2 and CP are both used as mathematical models to represent geometric objects in projective geometry. They are particularly useful in studying symmetries and transformations of these objects.

## 4. What are the advantages of using RP^2 over CP?

One advantage of using RP^2 over CP is that it is simpler and more intuitive to understand. It also has a more direct relationship with our physical world, as it is based on real numbers. Additionally, RP^2 is useful in studying symmetries and transformations in real-world applications, while CP is more commonly used in theoretical mathematics.

## 5. Can RP^2 and CP be used interchangeably?

No, RP^2 and CP cannot be used interchangeably. While they both have applications in projective geometry, they are fundamentally different in their underlying fields and dimensions. Using them interchangeably can lead to incorrect results and interpretations.

• Quantum Physics
Replies
1
Views
801
• Differential Geometry
Replies
3
Views
577
• General Math
Replies
1
Views
1K
• Topology and Analysis
Replies
38
Views
4K
• Cosmology
Replies
24
Views
3K
• Special and General Relativity
Replies
9
Views
3K
• Calculus and Beyond Homework Help
Replies
21
Views
3K
• Topology and Analysis
Replies
11
Views
2K
• General Math
Replies
3
Views
3K
• Linear and Abstract Algebra
Replies
13
Views
2K