# Second Half of a Trip - Speeding tickets

• kchurchi
In summary, the system of automatic number plate recognition is used to catch speeders by taking time-stamped license plate photos at two locations and using the distance traveled and time taken to determine if the driver was speeding. In this particular scenario, if a driver travels at a speed of 114 km/h for the first half of the trip on a highway with a speed limit of 90 km/h, they must travel at a maximum constant speed of 20.3 m/s for the second half of the trip in order to avoid receiving a speeding ticket in the mail.
kchurchi
Δ

## Homework Statement

In many countries, automatic number plate recognition is used to catch speeders. The system takes a time-stamped license plate photo at one location (like an on-ramp to a freeway), and then takes a second time-stamped photo at a second location a known distance from the first location (like an exit ramp off a freeway). Since the systems knows both the distance traveled and the time you took to travel that distance, it can determine if, on average, you were speeding, and subsequently mail the car owner a complementary ticket.

Let us say you are traveling along such a highway where the speed limit is 90 km/h (25m/s). Watching the distance markers on the side of the road, you discover at the half-way point you have been traveling at a speed of 114 km/h (31.67 m/s). What maximum constant speed must you travel for the last half of the trip to avoid your parents (who own the car) getting a speeding ticket in the mail?

## Homework Equations

v(avg) = (v(max)-v(initial))/Δt
v(avg) = v(speed limit)

## The Attempt at a Solution

I set the two equations equal to one another to find v(max) since we are given v(initial) and given the speed limit. However, I don't know how to find Δt. I have tried several different ways on paper and come to no conclusion. Help please.

Average velocity depends upon the total distance and total time, not (at least not directly) on the two velocities involved unless the times for each travel segment happen to be equal.

Think about how you might write (symbolic) expressions for the travel times of each segment in terms of the segment distances and speeds. Think about an expression for the average speed given the two segment times and total distance.

So you are saying that the times for both journeys should be equal. This makes sense.
Let's say the time traveled at 31.67m/s is t(1) and the time traveled at v(max) is t(2).

t(1) + t(2) = t where t is time if he had traveled at the speed limit the whole way.

Let's also say that x equals the full distance of the highway.

(1/2)*x is the distance traveled in t(1) and (1/2)*x is the distance traveled in t(2).

v(initial) = Δx/Δt assuming that the initial values for both x and t equal zero we can say

v(initial) = ((1/2)*x)/t(1)

Similarly...

v(max) = ((1/2)x)/t(2) → v(max)*t(2) = (1/2)*x

Therefore...

v(initial) = (v(max)*t(2))/t(1)

v(max) = (v(initial)*t(1))/t(2)

but I still don't know time. Am I going in circles?

Well, at least the circles are getting smaller...

Write expressions (in terms of speed and distance) for the two times, t1 and t2. The total time must be t1 + t2, right? So in an expression for the average velocity, t1 and t2 can be replaced with these expressions... you should find that the irrelevant "unknowns" cancel.

:)

Okay so instead, I could write this...

v(max) = ((1/2)*x)/t(2) → t(2) = ((1/2)*x)/v(max)

v(initial) = ((1/2)*x)/t(1) → t(1) = ((1/2)*x)/v(initial)

Thus...

t(2) + t(1) = ((1/2)*x)/v(max) + ((1/2)*x)/v(initial) = t

Alright, I am with you up to here. Now suppose I do this...

v(speed limit) = x/t where x is the total distance and t is the total time

t = x/v(speed limit)

Therefore I can set this expression equal to the one above...

((1/2)*x)/v(max) + ((1/2)*x)/v(initial) = x/v(speed limit)

(1/2)*x*[1/v(max) + 1/v(initial)] = x/v(speed limit)

x cancels out and I mutltiply both sides by 2...

1/v(max) + 1/v(initial) = 2/v(speed limit)

1/v(max) = 2/v(speed limit) - 1/v(initial)

I take the inverse of both sides and...

v(max) = [2/v(speed limit) - 1/v(initial)]^(-1)

I'll give that a try!

Wow thanks for the help! Got the right answer :D

you could also do a much simpler way. Since half the way was made at 31.67m/s, if the other half was made at 25m/s, the simple average would have been 28.335m/s, which is 3.335 m/s higher than the average required., now, if you double the value (because the average is made by dividing by 2 the two values), and subtract 25m/s, the given value is 18.33 m/s which is the correct answer

Nogueira said:
you could also do a much simpler way. Since half the way was made at 31.67m/s, if the other half was made at 25m/s, the simple average would have been 28.335m/s, which is 3.335 m/s higher than the average required., now, if you double the value (because the average is made by dividing by 2 the two values), and subtract 25m/s, the given value is 18.33 m/s which is the correct answer

Except that won't give the correct answer (and 18.33 is wrong). If you travel the second half of the trip at 18.33 m/s, you'll have an overall trip average speed of 23.2 m/s, so you could have gone faster than 18.33 and still had an overall average below 25.

Here's the right answer, along with the simplest solution method I can think of:
Suppose, for simplicity's sake, that the overall distance is 2500 meters. Thus, for an average speed of 25 m/s, you would have to travel the total distance in 100 seconds. If you travel the first 1250 meters at 31.67 m/s, you will take 39.47 seconds to do so. Thus, you must cover the second 1250 meters in 60.53 seconds to have an overall average of 25. This requires a speed of 1250m/60.53s = 20.3 m/s, which is the (actual) correct answer.

## 1. What is the second half of a trip and why is it important?

The second half of a trip refers to the latter part of a journey, after the halfway point has been reached. It is important because it can impact the overall duration and cost of the trip, as well as any potential incidents or issues that may arise.

## 2. Can I receive a speeding ticket during the second half of a trip?

Yes, it is possible to receive a speeding ticket during the second half of a trip, just as it is possible during the first half. Speeding laws and regulations still apply regardless of where you are in your journey.

## 3. Do I have to pay a speeding ticket received during the second half of a trip?

Yes, if you receive a speeding ticket during the second half of a trip, you are still responsible for paying it. Ignoring or not paying the ticket can result in additional fines or legal consequences.

## 4. Will a speeding ticket during the second half of a trip affect my insurance rates?

Yes, receiving a speeding ticket during the second half of a trip can potentially affect your insurance rates. Insurance companies may view it as a sign of risky driving behavior and could increase your premiums as a result.

## 5. Can I fight a speeding ticket received during the second half of a trip?

Yes, you have the right to contest a speeding ticket received during the second half of a trip. However, the process and success of fighting a ticket may vary depending on the state or country where the ticket was received. It is best to consult with a legal professional for specific advice.

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