(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

A particle is dropped into a hole drilled straight through the center of the Earth. Neglecting rotational effects, show that the particle's motion is simple harmonic if you assume Earth has uniform density. Show that the period of the oscillation is about 84 min.

2. Relevant equations

[tex]F = -G m \int_V \frac{\rho(r') e_r}{r^2}dv'[/tex]

3. The attempt at a solution

I was going to use Newton's second law to show that

[tex] m \frac{d^2 r}{dt^2} = -G m \int_V \frac{\rho(r') e_r}{r^2}dv'[/tex]

Where the volume integral should produce some function of r. So, I started off the integration by choosing an arbitrary point in the sphere a distance r' away, and using R as the distance from the origin to the point mass, r as the distance between the arbitrary distance and the distance of the point mass, theta as the asimuthal angle, and phi as the rotational angle I got.

[tex]m \frac{d^2 r}{dt^2} = -G m \int_0^{R} \int_0^\pi \int_0^{2\pi} \frac{\rho r'^2 sin\theta}{r^2}dr' d\theta d\phi[/tex]

integrating with respect to phi brings in a factor of 2π, and now I used law of cosines

[tex]r^2 = r'^2 + R^2 - 2r'Rcos\theta[/tex]

[tex] 2r dr = 2r'Rsin\theta d\theta[/tex]

[tex]\frac{sin\theta}{r}d\theta = \frac{dr}{r'R}[/tex]

so the substitute the law of cosines stuff into the force equation

[tex]F = \frac{-2 \pi G m \rho}{R} \int_0^R r'^2 dr \int_{r'-R}^{r'+R} \frac{1}{r}dr[/tex]

doing the r' integral I can see that this ultimately won't give a linear function of R

[tex]\frac{2 \pi}{3} \frac{G m \rho}{R} R^3 \int_{r'-R}^{r'+R} \frac{1}{r}dr [/tex]

Can someone help me out, point out what I did wrong, put me on the right track?

I think that once I find the right equation for force, which I actually know from experience should be [tex]F(r) = -\frac{4 \pi}{3}G m r \rho[/tex], that I can do the differential equation stuff.

**Physics Forums | Science Articles, Homework Help, Discussion**

Join Physics Forums Today!

The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

# Homework Help: Simple Harmonic Motion Inside earth

**Physics Forums | Science Articles, Homework Help, Discussion**