# Simple Number Theory Proof, Again!

Alright, having problems with this question too. It seems to be the same type of number theory problem, which is the problem.

## Homework Statement

Prove "The square of any integer has the form 4k or 4k+1 for some integer k.

## Homework Equations

definition of even= 2k
definition of odd= 2k+1

## The Attempt at a Solution

Basically I have: Case 1. 2k(2k) = 4k
Case 2. 2k+1(2k+1) = 4k2+4k+1 = 4k+1(k+1)

Not sure if it's correct. Do I need to use different indices? I feel I am missing something. Thanks for any help!

Related Precalculus Mathematics Homework Help News on Phys.org
Mark44
Mentor
Alright, having problems with this question too. It seems to be the same type of number theory problem, which is the problem.

## Homework Statement

Prove "The square of any integer has the form 4k or 4k+1 for some integer k.

## Homework Equations

definition of even= 2k
definition of odd= 2k+1

## The Attempt at a Solution

Basically I have: Case 1. 2k(2k) = 4k
Case 2. 2k+1(2k+1) = 4k2+4k+1 = 4k+1(k+1)

Not sure if it's correct. Do I need to use different indices? I feel I am missing something. Thanks for any help!
For case 1, (2k)(2k) != 4k
For case 2, you need parentheses.
(2k + 1)(2k + 1) = 4k2 + 4k + 1 != 4k + 1(k + 1)

Your last expression above is equal to 5k + 1, which is different from (2k + 1)(2k + 1).

You've expanded it yet you factorised it? it will be taking you back to what you got initially. you should have changed your $$4m^{2}+4m+1$$ into $$4(m^{2}+m)+1$$ and explain that it is similar to the form 4k+1 .

Even though this is my first post on Physics Forums and this was done a year ago, I'm going to tell everyone you've made it way too complicated. I'm a pretty new mathematician, and I feel this isn't in the spirit of a proof, but it still works.

Take the case n^2.
if n==0 (mod 4), n^2 will also be congruent to 0 modulo 4. Check.
if n==1, 1^2 will also be congruent to 1 modulo 4. Check.
if n==2, 2^2=4 and 4 modulo 4 == 0. Check.
if n==3, 3^3=9, 9==1 modulo 4. Check.

That's all the cases.

HallsofIvy