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Splitting light into colors, mathematical expression (fourier transforms)

  1. Dec 4, 2012 #1
    I am trying to solve a problem that includes a function of the light hitting a certain area. My question is, how would I change a function G(x) of photons hitting a certain area to include just photons of a certain wavelength, say red light. I feel like this could be accomplished using a fourier transform and de broglie's law, but I'm not sure. Can someone please help, just for a general gaussian function G(x)?
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 4, 2012 #2

    Jano L.

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    Gold Member

    What does this function represent? It may help if you post more detailed specification of your problem.
  4. Dec 5, 2012 #3
    Basically, given a function that gives the number of photons hitting a certain area, I want a mathematical way to determine how many of those photons are of a specific frequency (such as red light).
  5. Dec 5, 2012 #4
    I don't think you can get that distribution simply from the number of photons hitting the area. One thing does not lead to another. You can perfectly have N photons with all kinds of different frequency distribution.
    You mentioned Fourier Transform, yes, it does transform between time domain to frequency domain, but here the "frequency" has a different meaning than what you might have in mind (it means the spatial periodicity of the underlying time-domain function, not the frequency of the EM wave)
  6. Dec 5, 2012 #5
    Ok, then how would this look specifically for a Gaussian slit experiment? Does that give the frequency distribution you were looking for?
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